The structure of a complex of recombinant hirudin and human alpha-thrombin.Rydel, T.J., Ravichandran, K.G., Tulinsky, A., Bode, W., Huber, R., Roitsch, C., Fenton 2nd., J.W.
(1990) Science 249: 277-280
- PubMed: 2374926
- Also Cited By: 1DWE, 1DWD, 1DWC, 1DWB
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Refined 1.9 Angstroms Crystal Structure of Human Alpha-Thrombin: Interaction with D-Phe-Pro-Arg Chloromethylketone and Significance of the Tyr-Pro-Pro-Trp Insertion Segment
Bode, W.,Mayr, I.,Baumann, U.,Huber, R.,Stone, S.R.,Hofsteenge, J.
(1989) Embo J. 8: 3467
- Refinement of Large Structures by Simultaneous Minimization of Energy and R Factor
Jack, A.,Levitt, M.
(1978) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.A 34: 931
- Experience with Various Techniques for the Refinement of Protein Structures
Deisenhofer, J.,Remington, S.J.,Steigemann, W.
(1985) Methods Enzymol. 115: 303
The crystallographic structure of a recombinant hirudin-thrombin complex has been solved at 2.3 angstrom (A) resolution. Hirudin consists of an NH2-terminal globular domain and a long (39 A) COOH-terminal extended domain. Residues Ile1 to Tyr3 of hir ...
The crystallographic structure of a recombinant hirudin-thrombin complex has been solved at 2.3 angstrom (A) resolution. Hirudin consists of an NH2-terminal globular domain and a long (39 A) COOH-terminal extended domain. Residues Ile1 to Tyr3 of hirudin form a parallel beta-strand with Ser214 to Glu217 of thrombin with the nitrogen atom of Ile1 making a hydrogen bond with Ser195 O gamma atom of the catalytic site, but the specificity pocket of thrombin is not involved in the interaction. The COOH-terminal segment makes numerous electrostatic interactions with an anion-binding exosite of thrombin, whereas the last five residues are in a helical loop that forms many hydrophobic contacts. In all, 27 of the 65 residues of hirudin have contacts less than 4.0 A with thrombin (10 ion pairs and 23 hydrogen bonds). Such abundant interactions may account for the high affinity and specificity of hirudin.
Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824.