3HP1

Crystal structure of human dCK R104M/D133A in complex with L-dT and ADP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.31 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Extending Thymidine Kinase Activity to the Catalytic Repertoire of Human Deoxycytidine Kinase.

Hazra, S.Sabini, E.Ort, S.Konrad, M.Lavie, A.

(2009) Biochemistry 48: 1256-1263

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi802062w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HP1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Salvage of nucleosides in the cytosol of human cells is carried out by deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) and thymidine kinase 1 (TK1). Whereas TK1 is only responsible for thymidine phosphorylation, dCK is capable of converting dC, dA, and dG into their monophosphate forms ...

    Salvage of nucleosides in the cytosol of human cells is carried out by deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) and thymidine kinase 1 (TK1). Whereas TK1 is only responsible for thymidine phosphorylation, dCK is capable of converting dC, dA, and dG into their monophosphate forms. Using structural data on dCK, we predicted that select mutations at the active site would, in addition to making the enzyme faster, expand the catalytic repertoire of dCK to include thymidine. Specifically, we hypothesized that steric repulsion between the methyl group of the thymine base and Arg104 is the main factor preventing the phosphorylation of thymidine by wild-type dCK. Here we present kinetic data on several dCK variants where Arg104 has been replaced by select residues, all performed in combination with the mutation of Asp133 to an alanine. We show that several hydrophobic residues at position 104 endow dCK with thymidine kinase activity. Depending on the exact nature of the mutations, the enzyme's substrate preference is modified. The R104M-D133A double mutant is a pyrimidine-specific enzyme due to large K(m) values with purines. The crystal structure of the double mutant R104M-D133A in complex with the L-form of thymidine supplies a structural explanation for the ability of this variant to phosphorylate thymidine and thymidine analogs. The replacement of Arg104 by a smaller residue allows L-dT to bind deeper into the active site, making space for the C5-methyl group of the thymine base. The unique catalytic properties of several of the mutants make them good candidates for suicide-gene/protein-therapy applications.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 900 S. Ashland (M/C 669), Chicago, Illinois 60607, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Deoxycytidine kinaseA280Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: DCK
EC: 2.7.1.74 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.1.76 (UniProt), 2.7.1.113 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P27707 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P27707 
Go to UniProtKB:  P27707
PHAROS:  P27707
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LLT
Query on LLT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]L-deoxythymidine
C10 H14 N2 O5
IQFYYKKMVGJFEH-CSMHCCOUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.31 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 79.78α = 90
b = 79.78β = 90
c = 93.7γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2009-06-03 
  • Released Date: 2009-06-16 
  • Deposition Author(s): Hazra, S., Lavie, A.
  • This entry supersedes: 3EXK

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance