3HN1

Crystal structure of HCR/T complexed with GT2 and lactose


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Gangliosides as high affinity receptors for tetanus neurotoxin.

Chen, C.Fu, Z.Kim, J.J.Barbieri, J.T.Baldwin, M.R.

(2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 26569-26577

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.027391
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT) is an exotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani that causes paralytic death to hundreds of thousands of humans annually. TeNT cleaves vesicle-associated membrane protein-2, which inhibits neurotransmitter release in the centra ...

    Tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT) is an exotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani that causes paralytic death to hundreds of thousands of humans annually. TeNT cleaves vesicle-associated membrane protein-2, which inhibits neurotransmitter release in the central nervous system to elicit spastic paralysis, but the molecular basis for TeNT entry into neurons remains unclear. TeNT is a approximately 150-kDa protein that has AB structure-function properties; the A domain is a zinc metalloprotease, and the B domain encodes a translocation domain and C-terminal receptor-binding domain (HCR/T). Earlier studies showed that HCR/T bound gangliosides via two carbohydrate-binding sites, termed the lactose-binding site (the "W" pocket) and the sialic acid-binding site (the "R" pocket). Here we report that TeNT high affinity binding to neurons is mediated solely by gangliosides. Glycan array and solid phase binding analyses identified gangliosides that bound exclusively to either the W pocket or the R pocket of TeNT; GM1a bound to the W pocket, and GD3 bound to the R pocket. Using these gangliosides and mutated forms of HCR/T that lacked one or both carbohydrate-binding pocket, gangliosides binding to both of the W and R pockets were shown to be necessary for high affinity binding to neuronal and non-neuronal cells. The crystal structure of a ternary complex of HCR/T with sugar components of two gangliosides bound to the W and R supported the binding of gangliosides to both carbohydrate pockets. These data show that gangliosides are functional dual receptors for TeNT.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Medical College of Wisconsin,Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tetanus toxin
A
450Clostridium tetani (strain Massachusetts / E88)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: tetX
EC: 3.4.24.68
Find proteins for P04958 (Clostridium tetani (strain Massachusetts / E88))
Go to UniProtKB:  P04958
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GLA
Query on GLA

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Download CCD File 
A
ALPHA D-GALACTOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PHYPRBDBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SIA
Query on SIA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
O-SIALIC ACID
C11 H19 N O9
SQVRNKJHWKZAKO-YRMXFSIDSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 66.970α = 90.00
b = 72.680β = 90.00
c = 119.440γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
CrystalCleardata collection
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance