3HN1

Crystal structure of HCR/T complexed with GT2 and lactose


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Gangliosides as high affinity receptors for tetanus neurotoxin.

Chen, C.Fu, Z.Kim, J.J.Barbieri, J.T.Baldwin, M.R.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 26569-26577

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.027391
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HN1, 3HMY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT) is an exotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani that causes paralytic death to hundreds of thousands of humans annually. TeNT cleaves vesicle-associated membrane protein-2, which inhibits neurotransmitter release in the central nervous system to elicit spastic paralysis, but the molecular basis for TeNT entry into neurons remains unclear ...

    Tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT) is an exotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani that causes paralytic death to hundreds of thousands of humans annually. TeNT cleaves vesicle-associated membrane protein-2, which inhibits neurotransmitter release in the central nervous system to elicit spastic paralysis, but the molecular basis for TeNT entry into neurons remains unclear. TeNT is a approximately 150-kDa protein that has AB structure-function properties; the A domain is a zinc metalloprotease, and the B domain encodes a translocation domain and C-terminal receptor-binding domain (HCR/T). Earlier studies showed that HCR/T bound gangliosides via two carbohydrate-binding sites, termed the lactose-binding site (the "W" pocket) and the sialic acid-binding site (the "R" pocket). Here we report that TeNT high affinity binding to neurons is mediated solely by gangliosides. Glycan array and solid phase binding analyses identified gangliosides that bound exclusively to either the W pocket or the R pocket of TeNT; GM1a bound to the W pocket, and GD3 bound to the R pocket. Using these gangliosides and mutated forms of HCR/T that lacked one or both carbohydrate-binding pocket, gangliosides binding to both of the W and R pockets were shown to be necessary for high affinity binding to neuronal and non-neuronal cells. The crystal structure of a ternary complex of HCR/T with sugar components of two gangliosides bound to the W and R supported the binding of gangliosides to both carbohydrate pockets. These data show that gangliosides are functional dual receptors for TeNT.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Medical College of Wisconsin,Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tetanus toxinA450Clostridium tetaniMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.24.68
UniProt
Find proteins for P04958 (Clostridium tetani (strain Massachusetts / E88))
Explore P04958 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04958
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
N-acetyl-alpha-neuraminic acid-(2-8)-N-acetyl-alpha-neuraminic acidB2N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G87492XO
GlyCosmos:  G87492XO
GlyGen:  G87492XO
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GLA (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on GLA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]alpha-D-galactopyranose
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PHYPRBDBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], E [auth A], F [auth A]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.216 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 66.97α = 90
b = 72.68β = 90
c = 119.44γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata collection
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary