3HFF

Monomeric human Cu,Zn Superoxide dismutase without Zn ligands


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.229 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Functional features cause misfolding of the ALS-provoking enzyme SOD1.

Nordlund, A.Leinartaite, L.Saraboji, K.Aisenbrey, C.Grobner, G.Zetterstrom, P.Danielsson, J.Logan, D.T.Oliveberg, M.

(2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106: 9667-9672

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0812046106
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HFF

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The structural integrity of the ubiquitous enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD1) relies critically on the correct coordination of Cu and Zn. Loss of these cofactors not only promotes SOD1 aggregation in vitro but also seems to be a key prerequisite for ...

    The structural integrity of the ubiquitous enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD1) relies critically on the correct coordination of Cu and Zn. Loss of these cofactors not only promotes SOD1 aggregation in vitro but also seems to be a key prerequisite for pathogenic misfolding in the neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We examine here the consequences of Zn(2+) loss by selectively removing the Zn site, which has been implicated as the main modulator of SOD1 stability and disease competence. After Zn-site removal, the remaining Cu ligands can coordinate a nonnative Zn(2+) ion with microM affinity in the denatured state, and then retain this ion throughout the folding reaction. Without the restriction of a metallated Zn site, however, the Cu ligands fail to correctly coordinate the nonnative Zn(2+) ion: Trapping of a water molecule causes H48 to change rotamer and swing outwards. The misligation is sterically incompatible with the native structure. As a consequence, SOD1 unfolds locally and interacts with neighboring molecules in the crystal lattice. The findings point to a critical role for the native Zn site in controlling SOD1 misfolding, and show that even subtle changes of the metal-loading sequence can render the wild-type protein the same structural properties as ALS-provoking mutations. This frustrated character of the SOD1 molecule seems to arise from a compromise between optimization of functional and structural features.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Arrhenius Laboratories of Natural Sciences, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]A153Homo sapiensMutation(s): 8 
Gene Names: SOD1
EC: 1.15.1.1
Find proteins for P00441 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00441 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00441
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00441
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.229 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 36.67α = 90
b = 36.67β = 90
c = 144.39γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345data collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description