3H1X

Simultaneous inhibition of anti-coagulation and inflammation: Crystal structure of phospholipase A2 complexed with indomethacin at 1.4 A resolution reveals the presence of the new common ligand binding site


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.207 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

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Literature

Simultaneous inhibition of anti-coagulation and inflammation: crystal structure of phospholipase A2 complexed with indomethacin at 1.4 A resolution reveals the presence of the new common ligand-binding site

Singh, N.Kumar, R.P.Kumar, S.Sharma, S.Mir, R.Kaur, P.Srinivasan, A.Singh, T.P.

(2009) J Mol Recognit 22: 437-445

  • DOI: 10.1002/jmr.960
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3H1X

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A novel ligand-binding site with functional implications has been identified in phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)). The binding of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent indomethacin at this site blocks both catalytic and anti-coagulant actions of PLA(2). A group IIA PLA(2) has been isolated from Daboia russelli pulchella (Russell's viper) which is enzymatically active as well as induces a strong anti-coagulant action ...

    A novel ligand-binding site with functional implications has been identified in phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)). The binding of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent indomethacin at this site blocks both catalytic and anti-coagulant actions of PLA(2). A group IIA PLA(2) has been isolated from Daboia russelli pulchella (Russell's viper) which is enzymatically active as well as induces a strong anti-coagulant action. The binding studies have shown that indomethacin reduces the effects of both anti-coagulant and pro-inflammatory actions of PLA(2). A group IIA PLA(2) was co-crystallized with indomethacin and the structure of the complex has been determined at 1.4 A resolution. The structure determination has revealed the presence of an indomethacin molecule in the structure of PLA(2) at a site which is distinct from the conventional substrate-binding site. One of the carboxylic group oxygen atoms of indomethacin interacts with Asp 49 and His 48 through the catalytically important water molecule OW 18 while the second carboxylic oxygen atom forms an ionic interaction with the side chain of Lys 69. It is well known that the residues, His 48 and Asp 49 are essential for catalysis while Lys 69 is a part of the anti-coagulant loop (residues, 54-77). Indomethacin binds in such a manner that it blocks the access to both, it works as a dual inhibitor for catalytic and anti-coagulant actions of PLA(2). This new binding site in PLA(2) has been observed for the first time and indomethacin is the first compound that has been shown to bind at this novel site resulting in the prevention of anti-coagulation and inflammation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Phospholipase A2 VRV-PL-VIIIaA121Daboia russelii russeliiMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.1.1.4
UniProt
Find proteins for P59071 (Daboia russelii)
Explore P59071 
Go to UniProtKB:  P59071
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP59071
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IMN
Query on IMN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]INDOMETHACIN
C19 H16 Cl N O4
CGIGDMFJXJATDK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A]
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
IMN PDBBind:  3H1X Kd: 1300 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Binding MOAD:  3H1X Kd: 64 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.207 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 43
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.66α = 90
b = 51.66β = 90
c = 48.003γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance