3GRE

Crystal structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Vps15 WD repeat domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure and function of Vps15 in the endosomal G protein signaling pathway.

Heenan, E.J.Vanhooke, J.L.Temple, B.R.Betts, L.Sondek, J.E.Dohlman, H.G.

(2009) Biochemistry 48: 6390-6401

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi900621w
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3GRE

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • G protein-coupled receptors mediate cellular responses to a wide variety of stimuli, including taste, light, and neurotransmitters. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, activation of the pheromone pathway triggers events leading to mating. The view had long been held that the G protein-mediated signal occurs principally at the plasma membrane ...

    G protein-coupled receptors mediate cellular responses to a wide variety of stimuli, including taste, light, and neurotransmitters. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, activation of the pheromone pathway triggers events leading to mating. The view had long been held that the G protein-mediated signal occurs principally at the plasma membrane. Recently, it has been shown that the G protein alpha subunit Gpa1 can promote signaling at endosomes and requires two components of the sole phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase in yeast, Vps15 and Vps34. Vps15 contains multiple WD repeats and also binds to Gpa1 preferentially in the GDP-bound state; these observations led us to hypothesize that Vps15 may function as a G protein beta subunit at the endosome. Here we show an X-ray crystal structure of the Vps15 WD domain that reveals a seven-bladed propeller resembling that of typical Gbeta subunits. We show further that the WD domain is sufficient to bind Gpa1 as well as to Atg14, a potential Ggamma protein that exists in a complex with Vps15. The Vps15 kinase domain together with the intermediate domain (linking the kinase and WD domains) also contributes to Gpa1 binding and is necessary for Vps15 to sustain G protein signaling. These findings reveal that the Vps15 Gbeta-like domain serves as a scaffold to assemble Gpa1 and Atg14, whereas the kinase and intermediate domains are required for proper signaling at the endosome.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7260, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine-protein kinase VPS15A437Saccharomyces cerevisiaeMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GRD8VAC4VPL19VPS15YBR0825YBR097W
EC: 2.7.11.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P22219 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Explore P22219 
Go to UniProtKB:  P22219
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 85.493α = 90
b = 85.493β = 90
c = 132.821γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MLPHAREphasing
DMphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Refinement description