3GQF

Structural and Biophysical Properties of the Pathogenic SOD1 Variant H46R/H48Q


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural and biophysical properties of the pathogenic SOD1 variant H46R/H48Q.

Winkler, D.D.Schuermann, J.P.Cao, X.Holloway, S.P.Borchelt, D.R.Carroll, M.C.Proescher, J.B.Culotta, V.C.Hart, P.J.

(2009) Biochemistry 48: 3436-3447

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi8021735

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Over 100 mutations in the gene encoding human copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause an inherited form of the fatal neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Two pathogenic SOD1 mutations, His46Arg (H46R) and His48Gln (H48 ...

    Over 100 mutations in the gene encoding human copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) cause an inherited form of the fatal neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Two pathogenic SOD1 mutations, His46Arg (H46R) and His48Gln (H48Q), affect residues that act as copper ligands in the wild type enzyme. Transgenic mice expressing a human SOD1 variant containing both mutations develop paralytic disease akin to ALS. Here we show that H46R/H48Q SOD1 possesses multiple characteristics that distinguish it from the wild type. These properties include the following: (1) an ablated copper-binding site, (2) a substantially weakened affinity for zinc, (3) a binding site for a calcium ion, (4) the ability to form stable heterocomplexes with the copper chaperone for SOD1 (CCS), and (5) compromised CCS-mediated oxidation of the intrasubunit disulfide bond in vivo. The results presented here, together with data on pathogenic SOD1 proteins coming from cell culture and transgenic mice, suggest that incomplete posttranslational modification of nascent SOD1 polypeptides via CCS may be a characteristic shared by familial ALS SOD1 mutants, leading to a population of destabilized, off-pathway folding intermediates that are toxic to motor neurons.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and X-ray Crystallography Core Laboratory, the University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229-3900, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]
A, B, C, D, E, F
153Homo sapiensGene Names: SOD1
EC: 1.15.1.1
Find proteins for P00441 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SOD1
Go to UniProtKB:  P00441
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, F
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.205 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 112.576α = 90.00
b = 194.331β = 90.00
c = 143.179γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
CrystalCleardata collection
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance