3GNY

Crystal structure of human alpha-defensin 1 (HNP1)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.56 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.195 
  • R-Value Work: 0.171 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.172 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Through the looking glass, mechanistic insights from enantiomeric human defensins.

Wei, G.de Leeuw, E.Pazgier, M.Yuan, W.Zou, G.Wang, J.Ericksen, B.Lu, W.Y.Lehrer, R.I.Lu, W.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 29180-29192

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.018085
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3GNY, 3GO0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Despite the small size and conserved tertiary structure of defensins, little is known at a molecular level about the basis of their functional versatility. For insight into the mechanism(s) of defensin function, we prepared enantiomeric pairs of four human defensins, HNP1, HNP4, HD5, and HBD2, and studied their killing of bacteria, inhibition of anthrax lethal factor, and binding to HIV-1 gp120 ...

    Despite the small size and conserved tertiary structure of defensins, little is known at a molecular level about the basis of their functional versatility. For insight into the mechanism(s) of defensin function, we prepared enantiomeric pairs of four human defensins, HNP1, HNP4, HD5, and HBD2, and studied their killing of bacteria, inhibition of anthrax lethal factor, and binding to HIV-1 gp120. Unstructured HNP1, HD5, and HBD3 and several other human alpha- and beta-defensins were also examined. Crystallographic analysis showed a plane of symmetry that related (L)HNP1 and (D)HNP1 to each other. Either d-enantiomerization or linearization significantly impaired the ability of HNP1 and HD5 to kill Staphylococcus aureus but not Escherichia coli. In contrast, (L)HNP4 and (D)HNP4 were equally bactericidal against both bacteria. d-Enantiomers were generally weaker inhibitors or binders of lethal factor and gp120 than their respective native, all-l forms, although activity differences were modest, particularly for HNP4. A strong correlation existed among these different functions. Our data indicate: (a) that HNP1 and HD5 kill E. coli by a process that is mechanistically distinct from their actions that kill S. aureus and (b) that chiral molecular recognition is not a stringent prerequisite for other functions of these defensins, including their ability to inhibit lethal factor and bind gp120 of HIV-1.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Neutrophil defensin 1 AB30Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DEFA1DEF1DEFA2MRSDEFA1B
Find proteins for P59665 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P59665 
Go to UniProtKB:  P59665
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P59665
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.56 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.195 
  • R-Value Work: 0.171 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.172 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 45.466α = 90
b = 31.339β = 90
c = 40.205γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2009-03-18 
  • Released Date: 2009-07-28 
  • Deposition Author(s): Pazgier, M., Lu, W.-Y.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2018-01-24
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 1.3: 2018-02-07
    Changes: Source and taxonomy