3GLX

Crystal Structure Analysis of the DtxR(E175K) complexed with Ni(II)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.271 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Decreased sensitivity to changes in the concentration of metal ions as the basis for the hyperactivity of DtxR(E175K).

D'Aquino, J.A.Denninger, A.R.Moulin, A.G.D'Aquino, K.E.Ringe, D.

(2009) J Mol Biol 390: 112-123

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.05.003
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3GLX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The metal-ion-activated diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) is responsible for the regulation of virulence and other genes in Corynebacterium diphtheriae. A single point mutation in DtxR, DtxR(E175K), causes this mutant repressor to have a hyperactive phenotype ...

    The metal-ion-activated diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) is responsible for the regulation of virulence and other genes in Corynebacterium diphtheriae. A single point mutation in DtxR, DtxR(E175K), causes this mutant repressor to have a hyperactive phenotype. Mice infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis transformed with plasmids carrying this mutant gene show reduced signs of the tuberculosis infection. Corynebacterial DtxR is able to complement mycobacterial IdeR and vice versa. To date, an explanation for the hyperactivity of DtxR(E175K) has remained elusive. In an attempt to address this issue, we have solved the first crystal structure of DtxR(E175K) and characterized this mutant using circular dichroism, isothermal titration calorimetry, and other biochemical techniques. The results show that although DtxR(E175K) and the wild type have similar secondary structures, DtxR(E175K) gains additional thermostability upon activation with metal ions, which may lead to this mutant requiring a lower concentration of metal ions to reach the same levels of thermostability as the wild-type protein. The E175K mutation causes binding site 1 to retain metal ion bound at all times, which can only be removed by incubation with an ion chelator. The crystal structure of DtxR(E175K) shows an empty binding site 2 without evidence of oxidation of Cys102. The association constant for this low-affinity binding site of DtxR(E175K) obtained from calorimetric titration with Ni(II) is K(a)=7.6+/-0.5x10(4), which is very similar to the reported value for the wild-type repressor, K(a)=6.3x10(4). Both the wild type and DtxR(E175K) require the same amount of metal ion to produce a shift in the electrophoretic mobility shift assay, but unlike the wild type, DtxR(E175K) binding to its cognate DNA [tox promoter-operator (toxPO)] does not require metal-ion supplementation in the running buffer. In the timescale of these experiments, the Mn(II)-DtxR(E175K)-toxPO complex is insensitive to changes in the environmental cation concentrations. In addition to Mn(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II) are able to sustain the hyperactive phenotype. These results demonstrate a prominent role of binding site 1 in the activation of DtxR and support the hypothesis that DtxR(E175K) attenuates the expression of virulence due to the decreased ability of the Me(II)-DtxR(E175K)-toxPO complex to dissociate at low concentrations of metal ions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Rosenstiel Basic Medical Sciences Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Diphtheria toxin repressorA226Corynebacterium diphtheriaeMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: DIP1414dtxR
UniProt
Find proteins for P0DJL7 (Corynebacterium diphtheriae (strain ATCC 700971 / NCTC 13129 / Biotype gravis))
Explore P0DJL7 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DJL7
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0DJL7
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
NI
Query on NI

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]NICKEL (II) ION
Ni
VEQPNABPJHWNSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.271 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.224 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 63.8α = 90
b = 63.8β = 90
c = 108.165γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Blu-Icedata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.3: 2021-10-20
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations