3GJD

Crystal Structure of LeuT with bound OG


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.199 
  • R-Value Work: 0.169 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Binding of an octylglucoside detergent molecule in the second substrate (S2) site of LeuT establishes an inhibitor-bound conformation

Quick, M.Winther, A.M.L.Shi, L.Nissen, P.Weinstein, H.Javitch, J.A.

(2009) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 106: 5563-5568

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0811322106
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The first crystal structure of the neurotransmitter/sodium symporter homolog LeuT revealed an occluded binding pocket containing leucine and 2 Na(+); later structures showed tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) in an extracellular vestibule approximately ...

    The first crystal structure of the neurotransmitter/sodium symporter homolog LeuT revealed an occluded binding pocket containing leucine and 2 Na(+); later structures showed tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) in an extracellular vestibule approximately 11 A above the bound leucine and 2 Na(+). We recently found this region to be a second binding (S2) site and that binding of substrate to this site triggers Na(+)-coupled substrate symport. Here, we show a profound inhibitory effect of n-octyl-beta-d-glucopyranoside (OG), the detergent used for LeuT crystallization, on substrate binding to the S2 site. In parallel, we determined at 2.8 A the structure of LeuT-E290S, a mutant that, like LeuT-WT, binds 2 substrate molecules. This structure was similar to that of WT and clearly revealed an OG molecule in the S2 site. We also observed electron density at the S2 site in LeuT-WT crystals, and this also was accounted for by an OG molecule in that site. Computational analyses, based on the available crystal structures of LeuT, indicated the nature of structural arrangements in the extracellular region of LeuT that differentiate the actions of substrates from inhibitors bound in the S2 site. We conclude that the current LeuT crystal structures, all of which have been solved in OG, represent functionally blocked forms of the transporter, whereas a substrate bound in the S2 site will promote a different state that is essential for Na(+)-coupled symport.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Molecular Recognition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Transporter
A
515Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: snf
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Amino Acid Secondary Transporters
Protein: 
LeuTAa Leucine transporter
Find proteins for O67854 (Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5))
Go to UniProtKB:  O67854
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

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Download CCD File 
A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LEU
Query on LEU

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Download CCD File 
A
LEUCINE
C6 H13 N O2
ROHFNLRQFUQHCH-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
BOG
Query on BOG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
B-OCTYLGLUCOSIDE
C14 H28 O6
HEGSGKPQLMEBJL-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
LEUKd: 46.8 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.199 
  • R-Value Work: 0.169 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 87.510α = 90.00
b = 86.570β = 95.63
c = 81.290γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XSCALEdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MAR345data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Type: Refinement description