3GFR

Structure of YhdA, D137L variant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.403 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A single intersubunit salt bridge affects oligomerization and catalytic activity in a bacterial quinone reductase

Binter, A.Staunig, N.Jelesarov, I.Lohner, K.Palfey, B.A.Deller, S.Gruber, K.Macheroux, P.

(2009) Febs J. 276: 5263-5274

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2009.07222.x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • YhdA, a thermostable NADPH:FMN oxidoreductase from Bacillus subtilis, reduces quinones via a ping-pong bi-bi mechanism with a pronounced preference for NADPH. The enzyme occurs as a stable tetramer in solution. The two extended dimer surfaces are pac ...

    YhdA, a thermostable NADPH:FMN oxidoreductase from Bacillus subtilis, reduces quinones via a ping-pong bi-bi mechanism with a pronounced preference for NADPH. The enzyme occurs as a stable tetramer in solution. The two extended dimer surfaces are packed against each other by a 90 rotation of one dimer with respect to the other. This assembly is stabilized by the formation of four salt bridges between K109 and D137 of the neighbouring protomers. To investigate the importance of the ion pair contacts, the K109L and D137L single replacement variants, as well as the K109L/D137L and K109D/D137K double replacement variants, were generated, expressed, purified, crystallized and biochemically characterized. The K109L and D137L variants form dimers instead of tetramers, whereas the K109L/D137L and K109D/D137K variants appear to exist in a dimer-tetramer equilibrium in solution. The crystal structures of the K109L and D137L variants confirm the dimeric state, with the K109L/D137L and K109D/D137K variants adopting a tetrameric assembly. Interestingly, all protein variants show a drastically reduced quinone reductase activity in steady-state kinetics. Detailed analysis of the two half reactions revealed that the oxidative half reaction is not affected, whereas reduction of the bound FMN cofactor by NADPH is virtually abolished. Inspection of the crystal structures indicates that the side chain of K109 plays a dual role by forming a salt bridge to D137, as well as stabilizing a glycine-rich loop in the vicinity of the FMN cofactor. In all protein variants, this glycine-rich loop exhibits a much higher mobility, compared to the wild-type. This appears to be incompatible with NADPH binding and thus leads to abrogation of flavin reduction.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Biochemistry, Graz University of Technology, Austria.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
FMN-dependent NADPH-azoreductase
A, B, C, D
174Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: azr (yhdA)
EC: 1.7.-.-
Find proteins for O07529 (Bacillus subtilis (strain 168))
Go to UniProtKB:  O07529
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FMN
Query on FMN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE
RIBOFLAVIN MONOPHOSPHATE
C17 H21 N4 O9 P
FVTCRASFADXXNN-SCRDCRAPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.403 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 51.491α = 84.06
b = 56.080β = 77.02
c = 64.176γ = 74.49
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
DENZOdata reduction
MAR345dtbdata collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance