3GAX

Crystal structure of monomeric human cystatin C stabilized against aggregation


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.167 
  • R-Value Work: 0.138 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.139 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of human cystatin C stabilized against amyloid formation.

Kolodziejczyk, R.Michalska, K.Hernandez-Santoyo, A.Wahlbom, M.Grubb, A.Jaskolski, M.

(2010) FEBS J 277: 1726-1737

  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2010.07596.x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3GAX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human cystatin C (HCC) is a family 2 cystatin inhibitor of papain-like (C1) and legumain-related (C13) cysteine proteases. In pathophysiological processes, the nature of which is not understood, HCC is codeposited in the amyloid plaques of Alzheimer' ...

    Human cystatin C (HCC) is a family 2 cystatin inhibitor of papain-like (C1) and legumain-related (C13) cysteine proteases. In pathophysiological processes, the nature of which is not understood, HCC is codeposited in the amyloid plaques of Alzheimer's disease or Down's syndrome. The amyloidogenic properties of HCC are greatly increased in a naturally occurring L68Q variant, resulting in fatal cerebral amyloid angiopathy in early adult life. In all crystal structures of cystatin C studied to date, the protein has been found to form 3D domain-swapped dimers, created through a conformational change of a beta-hairpin loop, L1, from the papain-binding epitope. We have created monomer-stabilized human cystatin C, with an engineered disulfide bond (L47C)-(G69C) between the structural elements that become separated upon domain swapping. The mutant has drastically reduced dimerization and fibril formation properties, but its inhibition of papain is unaltered. The structure confirms the success of the protein engineering experiment to abolish 3D domain swapping and, in consequence, amyloid fibril formation. It illustrates for the first time the fold of monomeric cystatin C and allows verification of earlier predictions based on the domain-swapped forms and on the structure of chicken cystatin. Importantly, the structure defines the so-far unknown conformation of loop L1, which is essential for the inhibition of papain-like cysteine proteases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Crystallography, A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cystatin-CAB120Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: CST3
Find proteins for P01034 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01034 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01034
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01034
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.167 
  • R-Value Work: 0.138 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.139 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 76.26α = 90
b = 76.26β = 90
c = 97.576γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345data collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-02-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description