3GAV

Solution structure of Human Complement Factor H in 137 mM NaCl buffer


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION SCATTERING

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Electrostatic interactions contribute to the folded-back conformation of wild type human factor H.

Okemefuna, A.I.Nan, R.Gor, J.Perkins, S.J.

(2009) J.Mol.Biol. 391: 98-118

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.06.010
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Factor H (FH), a major serum regulator of C3b in the complement alternative pathway, is composed of 20 short complement regulator (SCR) domains. Earlier solution structures for FH showed that this has a folded-back domain arrangement and exists as ol ...

    Factor H (FH), a major serum regulator of C3b in the complement alternative pathway, is composed of 20 short complement regulator (SCR) domains. Earlier solution structures for FH showed that this has a folded-back domain arrangement and exists as oligomers. To clarify the molecular basis for this, analytical ultracentrifugation and X-ray scattering studies of native FH were performed as a function of NaCl concentration and pH. The sedimentation coefficient for the FH monomer decreased from 5.7 S to 5.3 S with increase in NaCl concentration, showing that weak electrostatic inter-domain interactions affect its folded-back structure. FH became more elongated at pH 9.4, showing the involvement of histidine residue(s) in its folded-back structure. Similar studies of partially deglycosylated FH suggested that oligosaccharides were not significant in determining the FH domain structure. The formation of FH oligomers decreased with increased NaCl concentration, indicating that electrostatic interactions also affect this. X-ray scattering showed that the maximum length of FH increased from 32 nm in low salt to 38 nm in high salt. Constrained X-ray scattering modelling was used to generate significantly improved FH molecular structures at medium resolution. In 50 mM NaCl, the modelled structures showed that inter-SCR domain contacts are likely, while these contacts are fewer in 250 mM NaCl. The results of this study show that the conformation of FH is affected by its local environment, and this may be important for its interactions with C3b and when bound to polyanionic cell surfaces.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Complement factor H
A
1213Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CFH (HF, HF1, HF2)
Find proteins for P08603 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CFH
Go to UniProtKB:  P08603
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION SCATTERING
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
GNOMmodel building
GNOMphasing
SCTPL7phasing
SCTPL7model building
Insight IImodel building

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-01
    Type: Refinement description