3FUO

The Crystal structure of receptor binding domain of botulinum neurotoxin serotype A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Glycosylated SV2 and gangliosides as dual receptors for botulinum neurotoxin serotype F

Fu, Z.Chen, C.Barbieri, J.T.Kim, J.J.Baldwin, M.R.

(2009) Biochemistry 48: 5631-5641

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi9002138
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Botulinum neurotoxin causes rapid flaccid paralysis through the inhibition of acetylcholine release at the neuromuscular junction. The seven BoNT serotypes (A-G) have been proposed to bind motor neurons via ganglioside-protein dual receptors. To date ...

    Botulinum neurotoxin causes rapid flaccid paralysis through the inhibition of acetylcholine release at the neuromuscular junction. The seven BoNT serotypes (A-G) have been proposed to bind motor neurons via ganglioside-protein dual receptors. To date, the structure-function properties of BoNT/F host receptor interactions have not been resolved. Here, we report the crystal structures of the receptor binding domains (HCR) of BoNT/A and BoNT/F and the characterization of the dual receptors for BoNT/F. The overall polypeptide fold of HCR/A is essentially identical to the receptor binding domain of the BoNT/A holotoxin, and the structure of HCR/F is very similar to that of HCR/A, except for two regions implicated in neuronal binding. Solid phase array analysis identified two HCR/F binding glycans: ganglioside GD1a and oligosaccharides containing an N-acetyllactosamine core. Using affinity chromatography, HCR/F bound native synaptic vesicle glycoproteins as part of a protein complex. Deglycosylation of glycoproteins using alpha(1-3,4)-fucosidase, endo-beta-galactosidase, and PNGase F disrupted the interaction with HCR/F, while the binding of HCR/B to its cognate receptor, synaptotagmin I, was unaffected. These data indicate that the HCR/F binds synaptic vesicle glycoproteins through the keratan sulfate moiety of SV2. The interaction of HCR/F with gangliosides was also investigated. HCR/F bound specifically to gangliosides that contain alpha2,3-linked sialic acid on the terminal galactose of a neutral saccharide core (binding order GT1b = GD1a > GM3; no binding to GD1b and GM1a). Mutations within the putative ganglioside binding pocket of HCR/F decreased binding to gangliosides, synaptic vesicle protein complexes, and primary rat hippocampal neurons. Thus, BoNT/F neuronal discrimination involves the recognition of ganglioside and protein (glycosylated SV2) carbohydrate moieties, providing a structural basis for the high affinity and specificity of BoNT/F for neurons.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Medical Collegeof Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Botulinum neurotoxin type A
A
426Clostridium botulinum (strain Hall / ATCC 3502 / NCTC 13319 / Type A)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: botA (bna)
Find proteins for P0DPI1 (Clostridium botulinum (strain Hall / ATCC 3502 / NCTC 13319 / Type A))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DPI1
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 39.770α = 90.00
b = 105.140β = 90.00
c = 112.230γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MERLOTphasing
CNSrefinement
ADSCdata collection
HKL-3000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance