3FG7

The crystal structure of villin domain 6


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Helix-straightening as an activation mechanism in the gelsolin superfamily of actin regulatory proteins

Wang, H.Chumnarnsilpa, S.Loonchanta, A.Li, Q.Kuan, Y.M.Robine, S.Larsson, M.Mihalek, I.Burtnick, L.D.Robinson, R.C.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 21265-21269

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.019760
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3FG7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Villin and gelsolin consist of six homologous domains of the gelsolin/cofilin fold (V1-V6 and G1-G6, respectively). Villin differs from gelsolin in possessing at its C terminus an unrelated seventh domain, the villin headpiece. Here, we present the crystal structure of villin domain V6 in an environment in which intact villin would be inactive, in the absence of bound Ca(2+) or phosphorylation ...

    Villin and gelsolin consist of six homologous domains of the gelsolin/cofilin fold (V1-V6 and G1-G6, respectively). Villin differs from gelsolin in possessing at its C terminus an unrelated seventh domain, the villin headpiece. Here, we present the crystal structure of villin domain V6 in an environment in which intact villin would be inactive, in the absence of bound Ca(2+) or phosphorylation. The structure of V6 more closely resembles that of the activated form of G6, which contains one bound Ca(2+), rather than that of the calcium ion-free form of G6 within intact inactive gelsolin. Strikingly apparent is that the long helix in V6 is straight, as found in the activated form of G6, as opposed to the kinked version in inactive gelsolin. Molecular dynamics calculations suggest that the preferable conformation for this helix in the isolated G6 domain is also straight in the absence of Ca(2+) and other gelsolin domains. However, the G6 helix bends in intact calcium ion-free gelsolin to allow interaction with G2 and G4. We suggest that a similar situation exists in villin. Within the intact protein, a bent V6 helix, when triggered by Ca(2+), straightens and helps push apart adjacent domains to expose actin-binding sites within the protein. The sixth domain in this superfamily of proteins serves as a keystone that locks together a compact ensemble of domains in an inactive state. Perturbing the keystone initiates reorganization of the structure to reveal previously buried actin-binding sites.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Centre for Blood Research, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1, Canada.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Villin-1A, B398Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: VILVIL1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P09327 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09327 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09327
PHAROS:  P09327
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 31
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 47.82α = 90
b = 47.82β = 90
c = 98.173γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Refinement description