Structural features for the mechanism of antitumor action of a dimeric human pancreatic ribonuclease variant.Merlino, A., Avella, G., Di Gaetano, S., Arciello, A., Piccoli, R., Mazzarella, L., Sica, F.
(2009) Protein Sci. 18: 50-57
- PubMed: 19177350
- DOI: 10.1002/pro.6
- PubMed Abstract:
- A dimeric mutant of human pancreatic ribonuclease with selective cytotoxicity toward malignant cells.
Piccoli, R.,Di Gaetano, S.,De Lorenzo, C.,Grauso, M.,Monaco, C.,Spalletti-Cernia, D.,Laccetti, P.,Cinatl, J.,Matousek, J.,D'Alessio, G.
(1999) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 96: 7768
- The buried diversity of bovine seminal ribonuclease: shape and cytotoxicity of the swapped non-covalent form of the enzyme.
Merlino, A.,Ercole, C.,Picone, D.,Pizzo, E.,Mazzarella, L.,Sica, F.
(2008) J.Mol.Biol. 376: 427
- Structure and stability of the non-covalent swapped dimer of bovine seminal ribonuclease: an enzyme tailored to evade ribonuclease protein inhibitor.
Sica, F.,Di Fiore, A.,Merlino, A.,Mazzarella, L.
(2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 36753
- Second generation antitumour human RNase: significance of its structural and functional features for the mechanism of antitumour action.
Di Gaetano, S.,D'alessio, G.,Piccoli, R.
(2001) Biochem.J. 358: 241
A specialized class of RNases shows a high cytotoxicity toward tumor cell lines, which is critically dependent on their ability to reach the cytosol and to evade the action of the ribonuclease inhibitor (RI). The cytotoxicity and antitumor activity o ...
A specialized class of RNases shows a high cytotoxicity toward tumor cell lines, which is critically dependent on their ability to reach the cytosol and to evade the action of the ribonuclease inhibitor (RI). The cytotoxicity and antitumor activity of bovine seminal ribonuclease (BSRNase), which exists in the native state as an equilibrium mixture of a swapped and an unswapped dimer, are peculiar properties of the swapped form. A dimeric variant (HHP2-RNase) of human pancreatic RNase, in which the enzyme has been engineered to reproduce the sequence of BSRNase helix-II (Gln28-->Leu, Arg31-->Cys, Arg32-->Cys, and Asn34-->Lys) and to eliminate a negative charge on the surface (Glu111-->Gly), is also extremely cytotoxic. Surprisingly, this activity is associated also to the unswapped form of the protein. The crystal structure reveals that on this molecule the hinge regions, which are highly disordered in the unswapped form of BSRNase, adopt a very well-defined conformation in both subunits. The results suggest that the two hinge peptides and the two Leu28 side chains may provide an anchorage to a transient noncovalent dimer, which maintains Cys31 and Cys32 of the two subunits in proximity, thus stabilizing a quaternary structure, similar to that found for the noncovalent swapped dimer of BSRNase, that allows the molecule to escape RI and/or to enhance the formation of the interchain disulfides.
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Cintia, Napoli 80126, Italy.