Leveraging structure determination with fragment screening for infectious disease drug targets: MECP synthase from Burkholderia pseudomallei.Begley, D.W., Hartley, R.C., Davies, D.R., Edwards, T.E., Leonard, J.T., Abendroth, J., Burris, C.A., Bhandari, J., Myler, P.J., Staker, B.L., Stewart, L.J.
(2011) J Struct Funct Genomics 12: 63-76
- PubMed: 21359640
- DOI: 10.1007/s10969-011-9102-6
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Combining functional and structural genomics to sample the essential Burkholderia structome.
Baugh, L.,Gallagher, L.A.,Patrapuvich, R.,Clifton, M.C.,Gardberg, A.S.,Edwards, T.E.,Armour, B.,Begley, D.W.,Dieterich, S.H.,Dranow, D.M.,Abendroth, J.,Fairman, J.W.,Fox, D.,Staker, B.L.,Phan, I.,Gillespie, A.,Choi, R.,Nakazawa-Hewitt, S.,Nguyen, M.T.,Napuli, A.,Barrett, L.,Buchko, G.W.,Stacy, R.,Myler, P.J.,Stewart, L.J.,Manoil, C.,Van Voorhis, W.C.
(2013) Plos One 8: e53851
As part of the Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease, we seek to enhance structural genomics with ligand-bound structure data which can serve as a blueprint for structure-based drug design. We have adapted fragment-based screening ...
As part of the Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease, we seek to enhance structural genomics with ligand-bound structure data which can serve as a blueprint for structure-based drug design. We have adapted fragment-based screening methods to our structural genomics pipeline to generate multiple ligand-bound structures of high priority drug targets from pathogenic organisms. In this study, we report fragment screening methods and structure determination results for 2C-methyl-D-erythritol-2,4-cyclo-diphosphate (MECP) synthase from Burkholderia pseudomallei, the gram-negative bacterium which causes melioidosis. Screening by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as crystal soaking followed by X-ray diffraction led to the identification of several small molecules which bind this enzyme in a critical metabolic pathway. A series of complex structures obtained with screening hits reveal distinct binding pockets and a range of small molecules which form complexes with the target. Additional soaks with these compounds further demonstrate a subset of fragments to only bind the protein when present in specific combinations. This ensemble of fragment-bound complexes illuminates several characteristics of MECP synthase, including a previously unknown binding surface external to the catalytic active site. These ligand-bound structures now serve to guide medicinal chemists and structural biologists in rational design of novel inhibitors for this enzyme.
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