A new crystal form of human tear lipocalin reveals high flexibility in the loop region and induced fit in the ligand cavityBreustedt, D.A., Chatwell, L., Skerra, A.
(2009) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 65: 1118-1125
- PubMed: 19770509
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444909031011
- PubMed Abstract:
Tear lipocalin (TLC) with the bound artificial ligand 1,4-butanediol has been crystallized in space group P2(1) with four protein molecules in the asymmetric unit and its X-ray structure has been solved at 2.6 A resolution. TLC is a member of the lip ...
Tear lipocalin (TLC) with the bound artificial ligand 1,4-butanediol has been crystallized in space group P2(1) with four protein molecules in the asymmetric unit and its X-ray structure has been solved at 2.6 A resolution. TLC is a member of the lipocalin family that binds ligands with diverse chemical structures, such as fatty acids, phospholipids and cholesterol as well as microbial siderophores and the antibiotic rifampin. Previous X-ray structural analysis of apo TLC crystallized in space group C2 revealed a rather large bifurcated ligand pocket and a partially disordered loop region at the entrace to the cavity. Analysis of the P2(1) crystal form uncovered major conformational changes (i) in beta-strands B, C and D, (ii) in loops 1, 2 and 4 at the open end of the beta-barrel and (iii) in the extended C-terminal segment, which is attached to the beta-barrel via a disulfide bridge. The structural comparison indicates high conformational plasticity of the loop region as well as of deeper parts of the ligand pocket, thus allowing adaptation to ligands that differ vastly in size and shape. This illustrates a mechanism for promiscuity in ligand recognition which may also be relevant for some other physiologically important members of the lipocalin protein family.
Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science, CIPS-M, and Lehrstuhl für Biologische Chemie, Technische Universität München, 85350 Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany.