A structure-based approach to ligand discovery for 2C-methyl-D-erythritol-2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase: a target for antimicrobial therapyRamsden, N.L., Buetow, L., Dawson, A., Kemp, L.A., Ulaganathan, V., Brenk, R., Klebe, G., Hunter, W.N.
(2009) J Med Chem 52: 2531-2542
- PubMed: 19320487
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jm801475n
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
3ELC, 3EOR, 3ERN, 3ESJ, 3FBA
- PubMed Abstract:
The nonmevalonate route to isoprenoid biosynthesis is essential in Gram-negative bacteria and apicomplexan parasites. The enzymes of this pathway are absent from mammals, contributing to their appeal as chemotherapeutic targets. One enzyme, 2C-methyl-d-erythritol-2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase (IspF), has been validated as a target by genetic approaches in bacteria. Virtual screening against Escherichia coli IspF (EcIspF) was performed by combining a hierarchical filtering methodology with molecular docking. Docked compounds were inspected and 10 selected for experimental validation. A surface plasmon resonance assay was developed and two weak ligands identified. Crystal structures of EcIspF complexes were determined to support rational ligand development. Cytosine analogues and Zn(2+)-binding moieties were characterized. One of the putative Zn(2+)-binding compounds gave the lowest measured K(D) to date (1.92 +/- 0.18 muM). These data provide a framework for the development of IspF inhibitors to generate lead compounds of therapeutic potential against microbial pathogens.
Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee, DD1 5EH, Scotland, United Kingdom.