3EQU

Crystal structure of penicillin-binding protein 2 from Neisseria gonorrhoeae


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structures of Penicillin-binding Protein 2 from Penicillin-susceptible and -resistant Strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Reveal an Unexpectedly Subtle Mechanism for Antibiotic Resistance.

Powell, A.J.Tomberg, J.Deacon, A.M.Nicholas, R.A.Davies, C.

(2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 1202-1212

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M805761200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Penicillin-binding protein 2 (PBP2) from N. gonorrhoeae is the major molecular target for beta-lactam antibiotics used to treat gonococcal infections. PBP2 from penicillin-resistant strains of N. gonorrhoeae harbors an aspartate insertion after posit ...

    Penicillin-binding protein 2 (PBP2) from N. gonorrhoeae is the major molecular target for beta-lactam antibiotics used to treat gonococcal infections. PBP2 from penicillin-resistant strains of N. gonorrhoeae harbors an aspartate insertion after position 345 (Asp-345a) and 4-8 additional mutations, but how these alter the architecture of the protein is unknown. We have determined the crystal structure of PBP2 derived from the penicillin-susceptible strain FA19, which shows that the likely effect of Asp-345a is to alter a hydrogen-bonding network involving Asp-346 and the SXN triad at the active site. We have also solved the crystal structure of PBP2 derived from the penicillin-resistant strain FA6140 that contains four mutations near the C terminus of the protein. Although these mutations lower the second order rate of acylation for penicillin by 5-fold relative to wild type, comparison of the two structures shows only minor structural differences, with the positions of the conserved residues in the active site essentially the same in both. Kinetic analyses indicate that two mutations, P551S and F504L, are mainly responsible for the decrease in acylation rate. Melting curves show that the four mutations lower the thermal stability of the enzyme. Overall, these data suggest that the molecular mechanism underlying antibiotic resistance contributed by the four mutations is subtle and involves a small but measurable disordering of residues in the active site region that either restricts the binding of antibiotic or impedes conformational changes that are required for acylation by beta-lactam antibiotics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Penicillin-binding protein 2
A, B
542Neisseria gonorrhoeaeMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: penA
EC: 3.4.16.4
Find proteins for P08149 (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)
Go to UniProtKB:  P08149
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
MSE
Query on MSE
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.400α = 90.00
b = 138.600β = 90.00
c = 228.000γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
Blu-Icedata collection
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-10-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance