Crystal structure of glycoside hydrolase family 55 beta -1,3-glucanase from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporiumIshida, T., Fushinobu, S., Kawai, R., Kitaoka, M., Igarashi, K., Samejima, M.
(2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 10100-10109
- PubMed: 19193645
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M808122200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Gene cloning and heterologous expression of glycoside hydrolase family 55 beta-1,3-glucanase from the basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium
Kawai, R.,Igarashi, K.,Samejima, M.
(2006) Biotechnol.Lett. 28: 365
Glycoside hydrolase family 55 consists of beta-1,3-glucanases mainly from filamentous fungi. A beta-1,3-glucanase (Lam55A) from the Basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium hydrolyzes beta-1,3-glucans in the exo-mode with inversion of anomeric confi ...
Glycoside hydrolase family 55 consists of beta-1,3-glucanases mainly from filamentous fungi. A beta-1,3-glucanase (Lam55A) from the Basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium hydrolyzes beta-1,3-glucans in the exo-mode with inversion of anomeric configuration and produces gentiobiose in addition to glucose from beta-1,3/1,6-glucans. Here we report the crystal structure of Lam55A, establishing the three-dimensional structure of a member of glycoside hydrolase 55 for the first time. Lam55A has two beta-helical domains in a single polypeptide chain. These two domains are separated by a long linker region but are positioned side by side, and the overall structure resembles a rib cage. In the complex, a gluconolactone molecule is bound at the bottom of a pocket between the two beta-helical domains. Based on the position of the gluconolactone molecule, Glu-633 appears to be the catalytic acid, whereas the catalytic base residue could not be identified. The substrate binding pocket appears to be able to accept a gentiobiose unit near the cleavage site, and a long cleft runs from the pocket, in accordance with the activity of this enzyme toward various beta-1,3-glucan oligosaccharides. In conclusion, we provide important features of the substrate-binding site at the interface of the two beta-helical domains, demonstrating an unexpected variety of carbohydrate binding modes.
Departments of Biomaterials Sciences and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.