3E67

Murine inos dimer with inhibitor 4-MAP bound


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Anchored plasticity opens doors for selective inhibitor design in nitric oxide synthase.

Garcin, E.D.Arvai, A.S.Rosenfeld, R.J.Kroeger, M.D.Crane, B.R.Andersson, G.Andrews, G.Hamley, P.J.Mallinder, P.R.Nicholls, D.J.St-Gallay, S.A.Tinker, A.C.Gensmantel, N.P.Mete, A.Cheshire, D.R.Connolly, S.Stuehr, D.J.Aberg, A.Wallace, A.V.Tainer, J.A.Getzoff, E.D.

(2008) Nat.Chem.Biol. 4: 700-707

  • DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.115
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzymes synthesize nitric oxide, a signal for vasodilatation and neurotransmission at low concentrations and a defensive cytotoxin at higher concentrations. The high active site conservation among all three NOS isozymes hi ...

    Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzymes synthesize nitric oxide, a signal for vasodilatation and neurotransmission at low concentrations and a defensive cytotoxin at higher concentrations. The high active site conservation among all three NOS isozymes hinders the design of selective NOS inhibitors to treat inflammation, arthritis, stroke, septic shock and cancer. Our crystal structures and mutagenesis results identified an isozyme-specific induced-fit binding mode linking a cascade of conformational changes to a new specificity pocket. Plasticity of an isozyme-specific triad of distant second- and third-shell residues modulates conformational changes of invariant first-shell residues to determine inhibitor selectivity. To design potent and selective NOS inhibitors, we developed the anchored plasticity approach: anchor an inhibitor core in a conserved binding pocket, then extend rigid bulky substituents toward remote specificity pockets, which become accessible upon conformational changes of flexible residues. This approach exemplifies general principles for the design of selective enzyme inhibitors that overcome strong active site conservation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Molecular Biology and Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, MB4, La Jolla, California 92037, USA. egarcin@umbc.edu




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Nitric oxide synthase, inducible
A, B
433Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Nos2 (Inosl)
EC: 1.14.13.39
Find proteins for P29477 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P29477
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
H4B
Query on H4B

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROBIOPTERIN
C9 H15 N5 O3
FNKQXYHWGSIFBK-RPDRRWSUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BVF
Query on BVF

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
4-METHYLPYRIDIN-2-AMINE
2-AMINO-4-PICOLINE
C6 H8 N2
ORLGLBZRQYOWNA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
BVFIC50: 10 - 170 nM (85) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 214.093α = 90.00
b = 214.093β = 90.00
c = 115.828γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-10-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-11-16
    Type: Atomic model
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-25
    Type: Refinement description