3E5P

Crystal structure of alanine racemase from E.faecalis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural insights into the alanine racemase from Enterococcus faecalis.

Priyadarshi, A.Lee, E.H.Sung, M.W.Nam, K.H.Lee, W.H.Kim, E.E.Hwang, K.Y.

(2009) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 1794: 1030-1040

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2009.03.006
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Alanine racemase (AlaR) is a bacterial enzyme that belongs to the fold-type III group of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes. AlaR catalyzes the interconversion between L- and D-alanine, which is important for peptidoglycan biosynthesis. T ...

    Alanine racemase (AlaR) is a bacterial enzyme that belongs to the fold-type III group of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes. AlaR catalyzes the interconversion between L- and D-alanine, which is important for peptidoglycan biosynthesis. This enzyme is common in prokaryotes, but absent in eukaryotes, which makes it an attractive target for the design of new antibacterial drugs. Here, we report the crystal structures of both the apoenzyme and the d-cycloserine (DCS) complex of AlaR from the pathogenic bacterium Enterococcus faecalis v583, at a resolution of 2.5 A. DCS is a suicide inhibitor of AlaR and, as such, serves as an antimicrobial agent and has been used to treat tuberculosis and urinary tract infection-related diseases, and makes several hydrogen bonds with the conserved active site residues, Tyr44 and Ser207, respectively. The apoenzyme crystal structure of AlaR consists of three monomers in the asymmetric unit, including a polyethylene glycol molecule in the dimer interface that surrounds one of the His 293 residues and also sits close to one side of the His 293 residue in the opposite monomer. Our results provide structural insights into AlaR that may be used for the development of new antibiotics targeting the alanine racemase in pathogenic bacteria.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biomedical Research Center, Life Science Division, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-791, South Korea.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alanine racemase
A, B, C
371Enterococcus faecalis (strain ATCC 700802 / V583)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: alr
EC: 5.1.1.1
Find proteins for Q837J0 (Enterococcus faecalis (strain ATCC 700802 / V583))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q837J0
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EPE
Query on EPE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINE ETHANESULFONIC ACID
HEPES
C8 H18 N2 O4 S
JKMHFZQWWAIEOD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PPI
Query on PPI

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
PROPANOIC ACID
C3 H6 O2
XBDQKXXYIPTUBI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
2PE
Query on 2PE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
C
NONAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C18 H38 O10
YZUUTMGDONTGTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLP
Query on PLP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
VITAMIN B6 Phosphate
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 94.634α = 90.00
b = 156.516β = 90.00
c = 147.878γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data collection
CNSphasing
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-08-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance