The structure and peroxidase activity of a 33-kDa catalase-related protein from Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis.Pakhomova, S., Gao, B., Boeglin, W.E., Brash, A.R., Newcomer, M.E.
(2009) Protein Sci 18: 2559-2568
- PubMed: 19827095
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pro.265
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
True catalases are tyrosine-liganded, usually tetrameric, hemoproteins with subunit sizes of approximately 55-84 kDa. Recently characterized hemoproteins with a catalase-related structure, yet lacking in catalatic activity, include the 40-43 kDa allene oxide synthases of marine invertebrates and cyanobacteria. Herein, we describe the 1.8 A X-ray crystal structure of a 33 kDa subunit hemoprotein from Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (annotated as MAP-2744c), that retains the core elements of the catalase fold and exhibits an organic peroxide-dependent peroxidase activity. MAP-2744c exhibits negligible catalatic activity, weak peroxidatic activity using hydrogen peroxide (20/s) and strong peroxidase activity (approximately 300/s) using organic hydroperoxides as co-substrate. Key amino acid differences significantly impact prosthetic group conformation and placement and confer a distinct activity to this prototypical member of a group of conserved bacterial "minicatalases". Its structural features and the result of the enzyme assays support a role for MAP-2744c and its close homologues in mitigating challenge by a variety of reactive oxygen species.
Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA.