3DWF

Crystal Structure of the Guinea Pig 11beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1 Mutant F278E


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Mutations of key hydrophobic surface residues of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 increase solubility and monodispersity in a bacterial expression system

Lawson, A.J.Walker, E.A.White, S.A.Dafforn, T.R.Stewart, P.M.Ride, J.P.

(2009) Protein Sci. 18: 1552-1563

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.150

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11 beta-HSD1) is a key enzyme in the conversion of cortisone to the functional glucocorticoid hormone cortisol. This activation has been implicated in several human disorders, notably the metabolic syndrom ...

    11 beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11 beta-HSD1) is a key enzyme in the conversion of cortisone to the functional glucocorticoid hormone cortisol. This activation has been implicated in several human disorders, notably the metabolic syndrome where 11 beta-HSD1 has been identified as a novel target for potential therapeutic drugs. Recent crystal structures have revealed the presence of a pronounced hydrophobic surface patch lying on two helices at the C-terminus. The physiological significance of this region has been attributed to facilitating substrate access by allowing interactions with the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Here, we report that single mutations that alter the hydrophobicity of this patch (I275E, L266E, F278E, and L279E in the human enzyme and I275E, Y266E, F278E, and L279E in the guinea pig enzyme) result in greatly increased yields of soluble protein on expression in E. coli. Kinetic analyses of both reductase and dehydrogenase reactions indicate that the F278E mutant has unaltered K(m) values for steroids and an unaltered or increased k(cat). Analytical ultracentrifugation shows that this mutation also decreases aggregation of both the human and guinea pig enzymes, resulting in greater monodispersity. One of the mutants (guinea pig F278E) has proven easy to crystallize and has been shown to have a virtually identical structure to that previously reported for the wild-type enzyme. The human F278E enzyme is shown to be a suitable background for analyzing the effects of naturally occurring mutations (R137C, K187N) on enzyme activity and stability. Hence, the F278E mutants should be useful for many future biochemical and biophysical studies of the enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1
A, B, C, D
276Cavia porcellusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: HSD11B1
EC: 1.1.1.146
Find proteins for Q6QLL4 (Cavia porcellus)
Go to Gene View: HSD11B1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6QLL4
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A, B, D
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 78.080α = 90.00
b = 85.920β = 90.00
c = 176.280γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-08-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance