X-ray crystallographic and enzymatic analyses of shikimate dehydrogenase from Staphylococcus epidermidisHan, C., Hu, T., Wu, D., Qu, S., Zhou, J., Ding, J., Shen, X., Qu, D., Jiang, H.
(2009) Febs J. 276: 1125-1139
- PubMed: 19215302
- DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2008.06856.x
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Shikimate dehydrogenase (SDH) catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of 3-dehydroshikimate to shikimate in the shikimate pathway. In this study, we determined the kinetic properties and crystal structures of Staphylococcus epidermidis SDH (SeSDH) bo ...
Shikimate dehydrogenase (SDH) catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of 3-dehydroshikimate to shikimate in the shikimate pathway. In this study, we determined the kinetic properties and crystal structures of Staphylococcus epidermidis SDH (SeSDH) both in its ligand-free form and in complex with shikimate. SeSDH has a k(cat) of 22.8 s(-1) and a K(m) of 73 mum towards shikimate, and a K(m) of 100 microM towards NADP. The overall folding of SeSDH comprises the N-terminal alpha/beta domain for substrate binding and the C-terminal Rossmann fold for NADP binding. The active site is within a large groove between the two domains. Residue Tyr211, normally regarded as important for substrate binding, does not interact with shikimate in the binary SeSDH-shikimate complex structure. However, the Y211F mutation leads to a significant decrease in k(cat) and a minor increase in the K(m) for shikimate. The results indicate that the main function of Tyr211 may be to stabilize the catalytic intermediate during catalysis. The NADP-binding domain of SeSDH is less conserved. The usually long helix specifically recognizing the adenine ribose phosphate is substituted with a short 3(10) helix in the NADP-binding domain. Moreover, the interdomain angle of SeSDH is the widest among all known SDH structures, indicating an inactive 'open' state of the SeSDH structure. Thus, a 'closing' process might occur upon NADP binding to bring the cofactor close to the substrate for catalysis.
Institutes of Biomedical Sciences and Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology, Institute of Medical Microbiology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, China.