3DOD

Crystal Structure of PLP Bound 7,8-Diaminopelargonic Acid Synthase in Bacillus subtilis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural characterization of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis biotin biosynthesis enzymes 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid synthase and dethiobiotin synthetase .

Dey, S.Lane, J.M.Lee, R.E.Rubin, E.J.Sacchettini, J.C.

(2010) Biochemistry 49: 6746-6760

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi902097j
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) depends on biotin synthesis for survival during infection. In the absence of biotin, disruption of the biotin biosynthesis pathway results in cell death rather than growth arrest, an unusual phenotype for an Mtb auxot ...

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) depends on biotin synthesis for survival during infection. In the absence of biotin, disruption of the biotin biosynthesis pathway results in cell death rather than growth arrest, an unusual phenotype for an Mtb auxotroph. Humans lack the enzymes for biotin production, making the proteins of this essential Mtb pathway promising drug targets. To this end, we have determined the crystal structures of the second and third enzymes of the Mtb biotin biosynthetic pathway, 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid synthase (DAPAS) and dethiobiotin synthetase (DTBS), at respective resolutions of 2.2 and 1.85 A. Superimposition of the DAPAS structures bound either to the SAM analogue sinefungin or to 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid (KAPA) allowed us to map the putative binding site for the substrates and to propose a mechanism by which the enzyme accommodates their disparate structures. Comparison of the DTBS structures bound to the substrate 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid (DAPA) or to ADP and the product dethiobiotin (DTB) permitted derivation of an enzyme mechanism. There are significant differences between the Mtb enzymes and those of other organisms; the Bacillus subtilis DAPAS, presented here at a high resolution of 2.2 A, has active site variations and the Escherichia coli and Helicobacter pylori DTBS have alterations in their overall folds. We have begun to exploit the unique characteristics of the Mtb structures to design specific inhibitors against the biotin biosynthesis pathway in Mtb.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Adenosylmethionine-8-amino-7-oxononanoate aminotransferase
A, B
448Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: bioK (bioA)
EC: 2.6.1.105
Find proteins for P53555 (Bacillus subtilis (strain 168))
Go to UniProtKB:  P53555
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PLP
Query on PLP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
VITAMIN B6 Phosphate
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.674α = 90.00
b = 104.027β = 105.38
c = 73.868γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
d*TREKdata reduction
CrystalCleardata collection
d*TREKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance