3DJ4

Crystal Structure of GlmU from Mycobacterium tuberculosis in complex with URIDINE-DIPHOSPHATE-N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.38 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

PknB-mediated phosphorylation of a novel substrate, N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase, modulates its acetyltransferase activity.

Parikh, A.Verma, S.K.Khan, S.Prakash, B.Nandicoori, V.K.

(2009) J Mol Biol 386: 451-464

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.12.031
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3DJ4, 3DK5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Identifying direct targets of kinases and determining how their activities are regulated are central to understanding how they generate biological responses. Genetic and biochemical studies have shown that Mycobacterium tuberculosis serine/threonine protein kinases PknA and PknB play a role in modulating cell shape and possibly cell division ...

    Identifying direct targets of kinases and determining how their activities are regulated are central to understanding how they generate biological responses. Genetic and biochemical studies have shown that Mycobacterium tuberculosis serine/threonine protein kinases PknA and PknB play a role in modulating cell shape and possibly cell division. In this report, we show that the enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GlmU) of M. tuberculosis is a novel substrate of PknB and is phosphorylated on threonine residues. GlmU carries out two important biochemical activities: a C-terminal domain catalyzes the transfer of acetyl group from acetyl coenzyme A to glucosamine-1-phosphate to produce N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate, which is converted into UDP-N-acetylglucosamine by the transfer of uridine 5'-monophosphate (from uridine 5'-triphosphate), a reaction catalyzed by the N-terminal domain. We determined the crystal structures of GlmU in apo form and UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-bound form, and analyzed them to identify threonine residues that may be accessible to PknB. The structure shows a two-domain architecture, with an N-terminal domain having an alpha/beta-like fold and with a C-terminal domain that forms a left-handed parallel beta-helix structure. Kinase assays with PknB using the N- and C-terminal domains of GlmU as substrates illustrated that PknB phosphorylates GlmU in the C-terminal domain. Furthermore, mutational studies reveal one of the five threonines present in region 414-439 to be phosphorylated by PknB. Structural and biochemical analyses have shown the significance of a variable C-terminal tail in regulating acetyltransferase activity. Notably, we demonstrate that although PknB-mediated phosphorylation of GlmU does not affect its uridyltransferase activity, it significantly modulates the acetyltransferase activity. These findings imply a role for PknB in regulating peptidoglycan synthesis by modulating the acetyltransferase activity of GlmU.


    Organizational Affiliation

    National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, India.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Bifunctional protein glmUA495Mycobacterium tuberculosisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: glmURv1018cMT1046
EC: 2.7.7.23 (PDB Primary Data), 2.3.1.157 (PDB Primary Data)
Find proteins for P9WMN3 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Explore P9WMN3 
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WMN3
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
UD1
Query on UD1

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]URIDINE-DIPHOSPHATE-N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE
C17 H27 N3 O17 P2
LFTYTUAZOPRMMI-CFRASDGPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CO
Query on CO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]COBALT (II) ION
Co
XLJKHNWPARRRJB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.38 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.6α = 90
b = 78.6β = 90
c = 278γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MAR345dtbdata collection

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-05-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance