3DID

Crystal structure of the F87M/L110M mutant of human transthyretin at pH 4.6 soaked


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.185 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Novel Zn2+-binding sites in human transthyretin: implications for amyloidogenesis and retinol-binding protein recognition.

Palmieri, L.de.C.Lima, L.M.Freire, J.B.Bleicher, L.Polikarpov, I.Almeida, F.C.Foguel, D.

(2010) J Biol Chem 285: 31731-31741

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.157206
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3DGD, 3DID, 3GPS, 3GRG, 3GRB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human transthyretin (TTR) is a homotetrameric protein involved in several amyloidoses. Zn(2+) enhances TTR aggregation in vitro, and is a component of ex vivo TTR amyloid fibrils. We report the first crystal structure of human TTR in complex with Zn( ...

    Human transthyretin (TTR) is a homotetrameric protein involved in several amyloidoses. Zn(2+) enhances TTR aggregation in vitro, and is a component of ex vivo TTR amyloid fibrils. We report the first crystal structure of human TTR in complex with Zn(2+) at pH 4.6-7.5. All four structures reveal three tetra-coordinated Zn(2+)-binding sites (ZBS 1-3) per monomer, plus a fourth site (ZBS 4) involving amino acid residues from a symmetry-related tetramer that is not visible in solution by NMR. Zn(2+) binding perturbs loop E-α-helix-loop F, the region involved in holo-retinol-binding protein (holo-RBP) recognition, mainly at acidic pH; TTR affinity for holo-RBP decreases ∼5-fold in the presence of Zn(2+). Interestingly, this same region is disrupted in the crystal structure of the amyloidogenic intermediate of TTR formed at acidic pH in the absence of Zn(2+). HNCO and HNCA experiments performed in solution at pH 7.5 revealed that upon Zn(2+) binding, although the α-helix persists, there are perturbations in the resonances of the residues that flank this region, suggesting an increase in structural flexibility. While stability of the monomer of TTR decreases in the presence of Zn(2+), which is consistent with the tertiary structural perturbation provoked by Zn(2+) binding, tetramer stability is only marginally affected by Zn(2+). These data highlight structural and functional roles of Zn(2+) in TTR-related amyloidoses, as well as in holo-RBP recognition and vitamin A homeostasis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Instituto de Bioquimica Medica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-590, Brazil.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TransthyretinABCD127Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: TTR PLABTTRPALB
Find proteins for P02766 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P02766 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02766
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P02766
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download CCD File 
A, C, D
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.185 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 86.03α = 90
b = 63.47β = 90
c = 48.67γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MAR345dtbdata collection

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-07-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance