3CX4

Crystal Structure of E.coli GS mutant E377A in complex with ADP and oligosaccharides


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.29 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.187 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Oligosaccharide binding in Escherichia coli glycogen synthase.

Sheng, F.Yep, A.Feng, L.Preiss, J.Geiger, J.H.

(2009) Biochemistry 48: 10089-10097

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi900916t
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3CX4

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glycogen/starch synthase elongates glucan chains and is the key enzyme in the synthesis of glycogen in bacteria and starch in plants. Cocrystallization of Escherichia coli wild-type glycogen synthase (GS) with substrate ADPGlc and the glucan acceptor ...

    Glycogen/starch synthase elongates glucan chains and is the key enzyme in the synthesis of glycogen in bacteria and starch in plants. Cocrystallization of Escherichia coli wild-type glycogen synthase (GS) with substrate ADPGlc and the glucan acceptor mimic HEPPSO produced a closed form of GS and suggests that domain-domain closure accompanies glycogen synthesis. Cocrystallization of the inactive GS mutant E377A with substrate ADPGlc and oligosaccharide results in the first oligosaccharide-bound glycogen synthase structure. Four bound oligosaccharides are observed, one in the interdomain cleft (G6a) and three on the N-terminal domain surface (G6b, G6c, and G6d). Extending from the center of the enzyme to the interdomain cleft opening, G6a mostly interacts with the highly conserved N-terminal domain residues lining the cleft of GS. The surface-bound oligosaccharides G6c and G6d have less interaction with enzyme and exhibit a more curled, helixlike structural arrangement. The observation that oligosaccharides bind only to the N-terminal domain of GS suggests that glycogen in vivo probably binds to only one side of the enzyme to ensure unencumbered interdomain movement, which is required for efficient, continuous glucan-chain synthesis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glycogen synthaseA485Escherichia coliMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: glgA
EC: 2.4.1.21
Find proteins for P0A6U8 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P0A6U8 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A6U8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose
B
3 N/A
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose
C
2 N/A
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose
D
5 N/A
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranose
E
6 N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
250
Query on 250

Download CCD File 
A
(2R)-2-hydroxy-3-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]propane-1-sulfonic acid
C9 H20 N2 O5 S
GIZQLVPDAOBAFN-SECBINFHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ETE
Query on ETE

Download CCD File 
A
2-{2-[2-2-(METHOXY-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHANOL
C9 H20 O5
ZNYRFEPBTVGZDN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.29 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.187 
  • Space Group: I 41
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 126.324α = 90
b = 126.324β = 90
c = 152.334γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
X-GENdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary