3CMF

Crystal structure of human liver 5beta-reductase (AKR1D1) in complex with NADP and CORTISONE. Resolution 1.90 A.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


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Literature

Crystal Structure of Human Liver {Delta}4-3-Ketosteroid 5{beta}-Reductase (AKR1D1) and Implications for Substrate Binding and Catalysis.

Di Costanzo, L.Drury, J.E.Penning, T.M.Christianson, D.W.

(2008) J.Biol.Chem. 283: 16830-16839

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M801778200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3BUR, 3BUV, 3BV7, 3COT

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • AKR1D1 (steroid 5beta-reductase) reduces all Delta(4)-3-ketosteroids to form 5beta-dihydrosteroids, a first step in the clearance of steroid hormones and an essential step in the synthesis of all bile acids. The reduction of the carbon-carbon double ...

    AKR1D1 (steroid 5beta-reductase) reduces all Delta(4)-3-ketosteroids to form 5beta-dihydrosteroids, a first step in the clearance of steroid hormones and an essential step in the synthesis of all bile acids. The reduction of the carbon-carbon double bond in an alpha,beta-unsaturated ketone by 5beta-reductase is a unique reaction in steroid enzymology because hydride transfer from NADPH to the beta-face of a Delta(4)-3-ketosteroid yields a cis-A/B-ring configuration with an approximately 90 degrees bend in steroid structure. Here, we report the first x-ray crystal structure of a mammalian steroid hormone carbon-carbon double bond reductase, human Delta(4)-3-ketosteroid 5beta-reductase (AKR1D1), and its complexes with intact substrates. We have determined the structures of AKR1D1 complexes with NADP(+) at 1.79- and 1.35-A resolution (HEPES bound in the active site), NADP(+) and cortisone at 1.90-A resolution, NADP(+) and progesterone at 2.03-A resolution, and NADP(+) and testosterone at 1.62-A resolution. Complexes with cortisone and progesterone reveal productive substrate binding orientations based on the proximity of each steroid carbon-carbon double bond to the re-face of the nicotinamide ring of NADP(+). This orientation would permit 4-pro-(R)-hydride transfer from NADPH. Each steroid carbonyl accepts hydrogen bonds from catalytic residues Tyr(58) and Glu(120). The Y58F and E120A mutants are devoid of activity, supporting a role for this dyad in the catalytic mechanism. Intriguingly, testosterone binds nonproductively, thereby rationalizing the substrate inhibition observed with this particular steroid. The locations of disease-linked mutations thought to be responsible for bile acid deficiency are also revealed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6323, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
3-oxo-5-beta-steroid 4-dehydrogenase
A, B
346Homo sapiensGene Names: AKR1D1 (SRD5B1)
EC: 1.3.1.3
Find proteins for P51857 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: AKR1D1
Go to UniProtKB:  P51857
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PDN
Query on PDN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
17,21-DIHYDROXYPREGNA-1,4-DIENE-3,11,20-TRIONE
PREDNISONE; 1,4 PREGNADIENE-17ALPHA,21-DIOL-3,11,20-TRIONE; 1-CORTISONE; DEHYDROCORTISONE
C21 H26 O5
WZTZVUUYKIOIRV-LMZHSBCYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 49.719α = 90.00
b = 109.199β = 90.00
c = 127.841γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-04-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance