3C88

Crystal structure of the catalytic domain of botulinum neurotoxin serotype A with inhibitory peptide RRGC


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure- and Substrate-based Inhibitor Design for Clostridium botulinum Neurotoxin Serotype A

Kumaran, D.Rawat, R.Ludivico, M.L.Ahmed, S.A.Swaminathan, S.

(2008) J.Biol.Chem. 283: 18883-18891

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M801240200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The seven antigenically distinct serotypes of Clostridium botulinum neurotoxins cleave specific soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor complex proteins and block the release of neurotransmitters that cause flaccid paral ...

    The seven antigenically distinct serotypes of Clostridium botulinum neurotoxins cleave specific soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor complex proteins and block the release of neurotransmitters that cause flaccid paralysis and are considered potential bioweapons. Botulinum neurotoxin type A is the most potent among the clostridial neurotoxins, and to date there is no post-exposure therapeutic intervention available. To develop inhibitors leading to drug design, it is imperative that critical interactions between the enzyme and the substrate near the active site are known. Although enzyme-substrate interactions at exosites away from the active site are mapped in detail for botulinum neurotoxin type A, information about the active site interactions is lacking. Here, we present the crystal structures of botulinum neurotoxin type A catalytic domain in complex with four inhibitory substrate analog tetrapeptides, viz. RRGC, RRGL, RRGI, and RRGM at resolutions of 1.6-1.8 A. These structures show for the first time the interactions between the substrate and enzyme at the active site and delineate residues important for substrate stabilization and catalytic activity. We show that OH of Tyr(366) and NH(2) of Arg(363) are hydrogen-bonded to carbonyl oxygens of P1 and P1' of the substrate analog and position it for catalytic activity. Most importantly, the nucleophilic water is replaced by the amino group of the N-terminal residue of the tetrapeptide. Furthermore, the S1' site is formed by Phe(194), Thr(215), Thr(220), Asp(370), and Arg(363). The K(i) of the best inhibitory tetrapeptide is 157 nm.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Botulinum neurotoxin A light chain
A
432Clostridium botulinum (strain Hall / ATCC 3502 / NCTC 13319 / Type A)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: botA (bna)
Find proteins for P0DPI1 (Clostridium botulinum (strain Hall / ATCC 3502 / NCTC 13319 / Type A))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DPI1
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Inhibitor peptide RRGC
B
5N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NH2
Query on NH2
B
NON-POLYMERH2 N

--

Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.883α = 90.00
b = 66.392β = 98.28
c = 64.746γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
CBASSdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-04-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance