3BJU

Crystal Structure of tetrameric form of human lysyl-tRNA synthetase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.31 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of tetrameric form of human lysyl-tRNA synthetase: Implications for multisynthetase complex formation

Guo, M.Ignatov, M.Musier-Forsyth, K.Schimmel, P.Yang, X.L.

(2008) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.Usa 105: 2331-2336

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0712072105

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In mammals, many aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are bound together in a multisynthetase complex (MSC) as a reservoir of procytokines and regulation molecules for functions beyond aminoacylation. The alpha(2) homodimeric lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysRS) is t ...

    In mammals, many aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are bound together in a multisynthetase complex (MSC) as a reservoir of procytokines and regulation molecules for functions beyond aminoacylation. The alpha(2) homodimeric lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysRS) is tightly bound in the MSC and, under specific conditions, is secreted to trigger a proinflammatory response. Results by others suggest that alpha(2) LysRS is tightly bound into the core of the MSC with homodimeric beta(2) p38, a scaffolding protein that itself is multifunctional. Not understood is how the two dimeric proteins combine to make a presumptive alpha(2)beta(2) heterotetramer and, in particular, the location of the surfaces on LysRS that would accommodate the p38 interactions. Here we present a 2.3-A crystal structure of a tetrameric form of human LysRS. The relatively loose (as seen in solution) tetramer interface is assembled from two eukaryote-specific sequences, one in the catalytic- and another in the anticodon-binding domain. This same interface is predicted to provide unique determinants for interaction with p38. The analyses suggest how the core of the MSC is assembled and, more generally, that interactions and functions of synthetases can be built and regulated through dynamic protein-protein interfaces. These interfaces are created from small adaptations to what is otherwise a highly conserved (through evolution) polypeptide sequence.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology and Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, BCC-379, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Lysyl-tRNA synthetase
A, B, C, D
521Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: KARS (KIAA0070)
EC: 2.7.7.-, 6.1.1.6
Find proteins for Q15046 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: KARS
Go to UniProtKB:  Q15046
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LYS
Query on LYS

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
LYSINE
C6 H15 N2 O2
KDXKERNSBIXSRK-YFKPBYRVSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.31 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 32
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 152.013α = 90.00
b = 152.013β = 90.00
c = 108.838γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
DENZOdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DMphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-02-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Type: Refinement description