3BF6

Thrombin:suramin complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.282 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural and thermodynamic analysis of thrombin:suramin interaction in solution and crystal phases.

Lima, L.M.Becker, C.F.Giesel, G.M.Marques, A.F.Cargnelutti, M.T.de Oliveira Neto, M.Queiroz Monteiro, R.Verli, H.Polikarpov, I.

(2009) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 1794: 873-881

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2009.03.011
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Suramin is a hexasulfonated naphthylurea which has been recently characterized as a non-competitive inhibitor of human alpha-thrombin activity over fibrinogen, although its binding site and mode of interaction with the enzyme remain elusive. Here, we ...

    Suramin is a hexasulfonated naphthylurea which has been recently characterized as a non-competitive inhibitor of human alpha-thrombin activity over fibrinogen, although its binding site and mode of interaction with the enzyme remain elusive. Here, we determined two X-ray structure of the thrombin:suramin complex, refined at 2.4 A resolution. While a single thrombin:suramin complex was found in the asymmetric unit cell of the crystal, some of the crystallographic contacts with symmetrically related molecules are mediated by both the enzyme and the ligand. Molecular dynamics simulations with the 1:1 complex demonstrate a large rearrangement of suramin in the complex, but with the protein scaffold and the more extensive protein-ligand regions keep unchanged. Small-angle X-ray scattering measurements at high micromolar concentration demonstrate a suramin-induced dimerization of the enzyme. These data indicating a dissimilar binding mode in the monomeric and oligomeric states, with a monomeric, 1:1 complex to be more likely to exist at the thrombin physiological, nanomolar concentration range. Collectively, close understanding on the structural basis for interaction is given which might establish a basis for design of suramin analogues targeting thrombin.


    Related Citations: 
    • Suramin interaction with human alpha-thrombin: inhibitory effects and binding studies
      Monteiro, R.Q.,Campana, P.T.,Melo, P.A.,Bianconi, M.L.
      (2004) INT.J.BIOCHEM.CELL BIOL. 36: 2077
    • Suramin counteracts the haemostatic disturbances produced by Bothrops jararaca snake venom.
      Fernandes, R.S.,Assafim, M.,Arruda, E.Z.,Melo, P.A.,Zingali, R.B.,Monteiro, R.Q.
      (2007) Toxicon 49: 931


    Organizational Affiliation

    Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21941-590, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. mauricio@pharma.ufrj.br




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin, LIGHT CHAIN
L
36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin, HEAVY CHAIN
H
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PHE-PRO-ARG
I
3N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SVR
Query on SVR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
8,8'-[CARBONYLBIS[IMINO-3,1-PHENYLENECARBONYLIMINO(4-METHYL-3,1-PHENYLENE)CARBONYLIMINO]]BIS-1,3,5-NAPHTHALENETRISULFONIC ACID
SURAMIN
C51 H40 N6 O23 S6
FIAFUQMPZJWCLV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
SVRIC50: 40000 nM BINDINGMOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.282 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 44.381α = 90.00
b = 73.471β = 90.00
c = 114.707γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
REFMACphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
MAR345dtbdata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-12-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2015-07-15
    Type: Structure summary