3AY9

Crystal structure of human Hsp70 NBD in the ADP-, Mg ion-, and K ion-bound state


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Biochemical and structural studies on the high affinity of Hsp70 for ADP.

Arakawa, A.Handa, N.Shirouzu, M.Yokoyama, S.

(2011) Protein Sci 20: 1367-1379

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.663
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3ATV, 3ATU, 3AY9

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The molecular chaperone 70-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70) is driven by ATP hydrolysis and ADP-ATP exchange. ADP dissociation from Hsp70 is reportedly slow in the presence of inorganic phosphate (P(i) ). In this study, we investigated the interaction ...

    The molecular chaperone 70-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70) is driven by ATP hydrolysis and ADP-ATP exchange. ADP dissociation from Hsp70 is reportedly slow in the presence of inorganic phosphate (P(i) ). In this study, we investigated the interaction of Hsp70 and its nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) with ADP in detail, by isothermal titration calorimetry measurements and found that Mg(2+) ion dramatically elevates the affinity of Hsp70 for ADP. On the other hand, P(i) increased the affinity in the presence of Mg(2+) ion, but not in its absence. Thus, P(i) enhances the effect of the Mg(2+) ion on the ADP binding. Next, we determined the crystal structures of the ADP-bound NBD with and without Mg(2+) ion. As compared with the Mg(2+) ion-free structure, the ADP- and Mg(2+) ion-bound NBD contains one Mg(2+) ion, which is coordinated with the β-phosphate group of ADP and associates with Asp10, Glu175, and Asp199, through four water molecules. The Mg(2+) ion is also coordinated with one P(i) molecule, which interacts with Lys71, Glu175, and Thr204. In fact, the mutations of Asp10 and Asp199 reduced the affinity of the NBD for ADP, in both the presence and the absence of P(i) . Therefore, the Mg(2+) ion-mediated network, including the P(i) and water molecules, increases the affinity of Hsp70 for ADP, and thus the dissociation of ADP is slow. In ADP-ATP exchange, the slow ADP dissociation might be rate-limiting. However, the nucleotide-exchange factors actually enhance ADP release by disrupting the Mg(2+) ion-mediated network.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Heat shock 70 kDa protein 1A/1BA392Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Hsp70HSPA1HSPA1AHSPA1BHSP72HSX70
Find proteins for P0DMV8 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P0DMV8 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DMV8
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P0DMV8
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
K
Query on K

Download CCD File 
A
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
ADPIC50:  280   nM  BindingDB
ADPKd:  320   nM  BindingDB
ADPKd:  324   nM  BindingDB
ADPKd :  4.550000190734863   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 45.733α = 90
b = 61.343β = 90
c = 142.65γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-12-28
    Type: Initial release