3A4D

Crystal structure of Human Transthyretin (wild-type)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Role of the Glutamic Acid 54 Residue in Transthyretin Stability and Thyroxine Binding

Miyata, M.Sato, T.Mizuguchi, M.Nakamura, T.Ikemizu, S.Nabeshima, Y.Susuki, S.Suwa, Y.Morioka, H.Ando, Y.Suico, M.A.Shuto, T.Koga, T.Yamagata, Y.Kai, H.

(2009) Biochemistry --: --

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi901677z
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transthyretin (TTR) is a tetrameric protein associated with amyloidosis caused by tetramer dissociation and monomer misfolding. The structure of two TTR variants (E54G and E54K) with Glu54 point mutation that cause clinically aggressive amyloidosis r ...

    Transthyretin (TTR) is a tetrameric protein associated with amyloidosis caused by tetramer dissociation and monomer misfolding. The structure of two TTR variants (E54G and E54K) with Glu54 point mutation that cause clinically aggressive amyloidosis remains unclear, although amyloidogenicity of artificial triple mutations (residues 53-55) in beta-strand D had been investigated. Here we first analyzed the crystal structures and biochemical and biophysical properties of E54G and E54K TTRs. The direction of the Lys15 side chain in E54K TTR and the surface electrostatic potential in the edge region in both variants were different from those of wild-type TTR. The presence of Lys54 leads to destabilization of tetramer structure due to enhanced electrostatic repulsion between Lys15 of two monomers. Consistent with structural data, the biochemical analyses demonstrated that E54G and E54K TTRs were more unstable than wild-type TTR. Furthermore, the entrance of the thyroxine (T(4)) binding pocket in TTR was markedly narrower in E54K TTR and wider in E54G TTR compared with wild-type TTR. The tetramer stabilization and amyloid fibril formation assays in the presence of T(4) showed lower tetramer stability and more fibril formation in E54K and E54G TTRs than in wild-type TTR, suggesting decreased T(4) binding to the TTR variants. These findings indicate that structural modification by Glu54 point mutation may sufficiently alter tetramer stability and T(4) binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Medicine, Global COE Cell Fate Regulation Research and Education Unit, Kumamoto University, 5-1 Oe-Honmachi, Kumamoto 862-0973, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Transthyretin
A, B
127Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TTR (PALB)
Find proteins for P02766 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: TTR
Go to UniProtKB:  P02766
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 85.840α = 90.00
b = 43.084β = 90.00
c = 64.290γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
CNSphasing
HKL-2000data collection
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2009-07-06 
  • Released Date: 2009-12-22 
  • Deposition Author(s): Miyata, M.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-12-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance