3A26

Crystal structure of P. horikoshii TYW2 in complex with MeSAdo


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.215 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis of AdoMet-dependent aminocarboxypropyl transfer reaction catalyzed by tRNA-wybutosine synthesizing enzyme, TYW2

Umitsu, M.Nishimasu, H.Noma, A.Suzuki, T.Ishitani, R.Nureki, O.

(2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106: 15616-15621

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0905270106
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3A25, 3A26, 3A27

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) is a methyl donor used by a wide variety of methyltransferases, and it is also used as the source of an alpha-amino-alpha-carboxypropyl ("acp") group by several enzymes. tRNA-yW synthesizing enzyme-2 (TYW2) is involved in the biogenesis of a hypermodified nucleotide, wybutosine (yW), and it catalyzes the transfer of the "acp" group from AdoMet to the C7 position of the imG-14 base, a yW precursor ...

    S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) is a methyl donor used by a wide variety of methyltransferases, and it is also used as the source of an alpha-amino-alpha-carboxypropyl ("acp") group by several enzymes. tRNA-yW synthesizing enzyme-2 (TYW2) is involved in the biogenesis of a hypermodified nucleotide, wybutosine (yW), and it catalyzes the transfer of the "acp" group from AdoMet to the C7 position of the imG-14 base, a yW precursor. This modified nucleoside yW is exclusively located at position 37 of eukaryotic tRNA(Phe), and it ensures the anticodon-codon pairing on the ribosomal decoding site. Although this "acp" group has a significant role in preventing decoding frame shifts, the mechanism of the "acp" group transfer by TYW2 remains unresolved. Here we report the crystal structures and functional analyses of two archaeal homologs of TYW2 from Pyrococcus horikoshii and Methanococcus jannaschii. The in vitro mass spectrometric and radioisotope-labeling analyses confirmed that these archaeal TYW2 homologues have the same activity as yeast TYW2. The crystal structures verified that the archaeal TYW2 contains a canonical class-I methyltransferase (MTase) fold. However, their AdoMet-bound structures revealed distinctive AdoMet-binding modes, in which the "acp" group, instead of the methyl group, of AdoMet is directed to the substrate binding pocket. Our findings, which were confirmed by extensive mutagenesis studies, explain why TYW2 transfers the "acp" group, and not the methyl group, from AdoMet to the nucleobase.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Uncharacterized protein PH0793A301Pyrococcus horikoshiiMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PH0793
EC: 2.5.1.114
Find proteins for O58523 (Pyrococcus horikoshii (strain ATCC 700860 / DSM 12428 / JCM 9974 / NBRC 100139 / OT-3))
Explore O58523 
Go to UniProtKB:  O58523
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MTA
Query on MTA

Download CCD File 
A
5'-DEOXY-5'-METHYLTHIOADENOSINE
C11 H15 N5 O3 S
WUUGFSXJNOTRMR-IOSLPCCCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

Download CCD File 
A
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.215 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 132.571α = 90
b = 132.571β = 90
c = 96.669γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance