Structure of the proteolytic domain of the Human Mitochondrial Lon protease

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 

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Structure of the Catalytic Domain of the Human Mitochondrial Lon Protease: Proposed Relation of Oligomer Formation and Activity.

Garcia-Nafria, J.Ondrovicova, G.Blagova, E.Levdikov, V.M.Bauer, J.A.Suzuki, C.K.Kutejova, E.Wilkinson, A.J.Wilson, K.S.

(2010) Protein Sci 19: 987

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pro.376
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    ATP-dependent proteases are crucial for cellular homeostasis. By degrading short-lived regulatory proteins, they play an important role in the control of many cellular pathways and, through the degradation of abnormally misfolded proteins, protect the cell from a buildup of aggregates. Disruption or disregulation of mammalian mitochondrial Lon protease leads to severe changes in the cell, linked with carcinogenesis, apoptosis, and necrosis. Here we present the structure of the proteolytic domain of human mitochondrial Lon at 2 A resolution. The fold resembles those of the three previously determined Lon proteolytic domains from Escherichia coli, Methanococcus jannaschii, and Archaeoglobus fulgidus. There are six protomers in the asymmetric unit, four arranged as two dimers. The intersubunit interactions within the two dimers are similar to those between adjacent subunits of the hexameric ring of E. coli Lon, suggesting that the human Lon proteolytic domain also forms hexamers. The active site contains a 3(10) helix attached to the N-terminal end of alpha-helix 2, which leads to the insertion of Asp852 into the active site, as seen in M. jannaschii. Structural considerations make it likely that this conformation is proteolytically inactive. When comparing the intersubunit interactions of human with those of E. coli Lon taken with biochemical data leads us to propose a mechanism relating the formation of Lon oligomers with a conformational shift in the active site region coupled to a movement of a loop in the oligomer interface, converting the proteolytically inactive form seen here to the active one in the E. coli hexamer.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    York Structural Biology Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5YW, United Kingdom.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
A, B, C, D, E
A, B, C, D, E, F
207Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.21
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P36776 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P36776 
Go to UniProtKB:  P36776
PHAROS:  P36776
GTEx:  ENSG00000196365 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP36776
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 69.8α = 90
b = 83.75β = 90.05
c = 105.49γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2010-05-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-07
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2023-12-20
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Other, Refinement description