2RKJ

Cocrystal structure of a tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase splicing factor with a group I intron RNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.235 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of a tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase splicing factor bound to a group I intron RNA.

Paukstelis, P.J.Chen, J.H.Chase, E.Lambowitz, A.M.Golden, B.L.

(2008) Nature 451: 94-97

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06413
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2RKJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The 'RNA world' hypothesis holds that during evolution the structural and enzymatic functions initially served by RNA were assumed by proteins, leading to the latter's domination of biological catalysis. This progression can still be seen in modern biology, where ribozymes, such as the ribosome and RNase P, have evolved into protein-dependent RNA catalysts ('RNPzymes') ...

    The 'RNA world' hypothesis holds that during evolution the structural and enzymatic functions initially served by RNA were assumed by proteins, leading to the latter's domination of biological catalysis. This progression can still be seen in modern biology, where ribozymes, such as the ribosome and RNase P, have evolved into protein-dependent RNA catalysts ('RNPzymes'). Similarly, group I introns use RNA-catalysed splicing reactions, but many function as RNPzymes bound to proteins that stabilize their catalytically active RNA structure. One such protein, the Neurospora crassa mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS; CYT-18), is bifunctional and both aminoacylates mitochondrial tRNA(Tyr) and promotes the splicing of mitochondrial group I introns. Here we determine a 4.5-A co-crystal structure of the Twort orf142-I2 group I intron ribozyme bound to splicing-active, carboxy-terminally truncated CYT-18. The structure shows that the group I intron binds across the two subunits of the homodimeric protein with a newly evolved RNA-binding surface distinct from that which binds tRNA(Tyr). This RNA binding surface provides an extended scaffold for the phosphodiester backbone of the conserved catalytic core of the intron RNA, allowing the protein to promote the splicing of a wide variety of group I introns. The group I intron-binding surface includes three small insertions and additional structural adaptations relative to non-splicing bacterial TyrRSs, indicating a multistep adaptation for splicing function. The co-crystal structure provides insight into how CYT-18 promotes group I intron splicing, how it evolved to have this function, and how proteins could have incrementally replaced RNA structures during the transition from an RNA world to an RNP world.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Section of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetaseI [auth A], J [auth B], K [auth E], L [auth F], M [auth I], N [auth J], O [auth M], P [auth N]392Neurospora crassaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cyt-18
EC: 6.1.1.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P12063 (Neurospora crassa (strain ATCC 24698 / 74-OR23-1A / CBS 708.71 / DSM 1257 / FGSC 987))
Explore P12063 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12063
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar nucleic acids by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
RNA (238-MER)A [auth C], C [auth G], E [auth K], G [auth O]246Staphylococcus virus Twort
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
  • Entity ID: 2
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    RNA (5'-R(P*GP*CP*UP*U)-3')B [auth D], D [auth H], F [auth L], H [auth P]4N/A
    Protein Feature View
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    • Reference Sequence
    Experimental Data & Validation

    Experimental Data

    • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
    • Resolution: 4.50 Å
    • R-Value Free: 0.249 
    • R-Value Work: 0.235 
    • Space Group: P 1 2 1
    Unit Cell:
    Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
    a = 231.063α = 90
    b = 123.525β = 90.26
    c = 235.231γ = 90
    Software Package:
    Software NamePurpose
    DENZOdata reduction
    SCALEPACKdata scaling
    PHASERphasing
    CNSrefinement
    PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
    HKL-2000data collection

    Structure Validation

    View Full Validation Report




    Entry History 

    Deposition Data

    Revision History  (Full details and data files)

    • Version 1.0: 2008-01-08
      Type: Initial release
    • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
      Changes: Version format compliance
    • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
      Changes: Refinement description