2OCG

Crystal structure of human valacyclovir hydrolase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Molecular basis of prodrug activation by human valacyclovirase, an alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase.

Lai, L.Xu, Z.Zhou, J.Lee, K.D.Amidon, G.L.

(2008) J.Biol.Chem. 283: 9318-9327

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M709530200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Chemical modification to improve biopharmaceutical properties, especially oral absorption and bioavailability, is a common strategy employed by pharmaceutical chemists. The approach often employs a simple structural modification and utilizes ubiquito ...

    Chemical modification to improve biopharmaceutical properties, especially oral absorption and bioavailability, is a common strategy employed by pharmaceutical chemists. The approach often employs a simple structural modification and utilizes ubiquitous endogenous esterases as activation enzymes, although such enzymes are often unidentified. This report describes the crystal structure and specificity of a novel activating enzyme for valacyclovir and valganciclovir. Our structural insights show that human valacyclovirase has a unique binding mode and specificity for amino acid esters. Biochemical data demonstrate that the enzyme hydrolyzes esters of alpha-amino acids exclusively and displays a broad specificity spectrum for the aminoacyl moiety similar to tricorn-interacting aminopeptidase F1. Crystal structures of the enzyme, two mechanistic mutants, and a complex with a product analogue, when combined with biochemical analysis, reveal the key determinants for substrate recognition; that is, a flexible and mostly hydrophobic acyl pocket, a localized negative electrostatic potential, a large open leaving group-accommodating groove, and a pivotal acidic residue, Asp-123, after the nucleophile Ser-122. This is the first time that a residue immediately after the nucleophile has been found to have its side chain directed into the substrate binding pocket and play an essential role in substrate discrimination in serine hydrolases. These results as well as a phylogenetic analysis establish that the enzyme functions as a specific alpha-amino acid ester hydrolase. Valacyclovirase is a valuable target for amino acid ester prodrug-based oral drug delivery enhancement strategies.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Center for Molecular Drug Targeting, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1065, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Valacyclovir hydrolase
A
254Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BPHL (MCNAA)
EC: 3.1.-.-
Find proteins for Q86WA6 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: BPHL
Go to UniProtKB:  Q86WA6
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.201 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • Space Group: P 62
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 88.970α = 90.00
b = 88.970β = 90.00
c = 86.340γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
d*TREKdata processing
CNSrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
d*TREKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-02-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance