2O3Z

X-ray crystal structure of LpxC complexed with 3-heptyloxybenzoate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Amphipathic benzoic acid derivatives: synthesis and binding in the hydrophobic tunnel of the zinc deacetylase LpxC.

Shin, H.Gennadios, H.A.Whittington, D.A.Christianson, D.W.

(2007) Bioorg Med Chem 15: 2617-2623

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2007.01.044
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2O3Z

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The first committed step in lipid A biosynthesis is catalyzed by uridine diphosphate-(3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl))-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase (LpxC), a zinc-dependent deacetylase, and inhibitors of LpxC may be useful in the development of antibacterial agents targeting a broad spectrum of Gram-negative bacteria ...

    The first committed step in lipid A biosynthesis is catalyzed by uridine diphosphate-(3-O-(R-3-hydroxymyristoyl))-N-acetylglucosamine deacetylase (LpxC), a zinc-dependent deacetylase, and inhibitors of LpxC may be useful in the development of antibacterial agents targeting a broad spectrum of Gram-negative bacteria. Here, we report the design of amphipathic benzoic acid derivatives that bind in the hydrophobic tunnel in the active site of LpxC. The hydrophobic tunnel accounts for the specificity of LpxC toward substrates and substrate analogues bearing a 3-O-myristoyl substituent. Simple benzoic acid derivatives bearing an aliphatic 'tail' bind in the hydrophobic tunnel with micromolar affinity despite the lack of a glucosamine ring like that of the substrate. However, although these benzoic acid derivatives each contain a negatively charged carboxylate 'warhead' intended to coordinate to the active site zinc ion, the 2.25A resolution X-ray crystal structure of LpxC complexed with 3-(heptyloxy)benzoate reveals 'backward' binding in the hydrophobic tunnel, such that the benzoate moiety does not coordinate to zinc. Instead, it binds at the outer end of the hydrophobic tunnel. Interestingly, these ligands bind with affinities comparable to those measured for more complicated substrate analogue inhibitors containing glucosamine ring analogues and hydroxamate 'warheads' that coordinate to the active site zinc ion. We conclude that the intermolecular interactions in the hydrophobic tunnel dominate enzyme affinity in this series of benzoic acid derivatives.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of San Francisco, 2130 Fulton Street, San Francisco, CA 94117-1080, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
UDP-3-O-[3-hydroxymyristoyl] N-acetylglucosamine deacetylaseA, B271Aquifex aeolicusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: lpxCenvA
EC: 3.5.1 (PDB Primary Data), 3.5.1.108 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for O67648 (Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5))
Explore O67648 
Go to UniProtKB:  O67648
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO67648
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
AI7 PDBBind:  2O3Z Kd: 2000 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Binding MOAD:  2O3Z Kd: 2000 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.227 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 101.006α = 90
b = 101.006β = 90
c = 122.674γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2007-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2021-10-20
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations