NMR structure of the de-novo toxin Hui1

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 650 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: 25 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Designer and natural peptide toxin blockers of the KcsA potassium channel identified by phage display.

Zhao, R.Dai, H.Mendelman, N.Cuello, L.G.Chill, J.H.Goldstein, S.A.

(2015) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112: E7013-E7021

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1514728112
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Peptide neurotoxins are powerful tools for research, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Limiting broader use, most receptors lack an identified toxin that binds with high affinity and specificity. This paper describes isolation of toxins for one such orphan target, KcsA, a potassium channel that has been fundamental to delineating the structural basis for ion channel function. A phage-display strategy is presented whereby ∼1.5 million novel and natural peptides are fabricated on the scaffold present in ShK, a sea anemone type I (SAK1) toxin stabilized by three disulfide bonds. We describe two toxins selected by sorting on purified KcsA, one novel (Hui1, 34 residues) and one natural (HmK, 35 residues). Hui1 is potent, blocking single KcsA channels in planar lipid bilayers half-maximally (Ki) at 1 nM. Hui1 is also specific, inhibiting KcsA-Shaker channels in Xenopus oocytes with a Ki of 0.5 nM whereas Shaker, Kv1.2, and Kv1.3 channels are blocked over 200-fold less well. HmK is potent but promiscuous, blocking KcsA-Shaker, Shaker, Kv1.2, and Kv1.3 channels with Ki of 1-4 nM. As anticipated, one Hui1 blocks the KcsA pore and two conserved toxin residues, Lys21 and Tyr22, are essential for high-affinity binding. Unexpectedly, potassium ions traversing the channel from the inside confer voltage sensitivity to the Hui1 off-rate via Arg23, indicating that Lys21 is not in the pore. The 3D structure of Hui1 reveals a SAK1 fold, rationalizes KcsA inhibition, and validates the scaffold-based approach for isolation of high-affinity toxins for orphan receptors.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02453; goldstein@brandeis.edu.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Hui134synthetic constructMutation(s): 0 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 650 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: 25 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-12-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-12-30
    Changes: Database references