Solution structure of PFV RNase H domain

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 120 
  • Conformers Submitted: 19 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

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The solution structure of the prototype foamy virus RNase H domain indicates an important role of the basic loop in substrate binding.

Leo, B.Schweimer, K.Rosch, P.Hartl, M.J.Wohrl, B.M.

(2012) Retrovirology 9: 73-73

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-9-73
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The ribonuclease H (RNase H) domains of retroviral reverse transcriptases play an essential role in the replication cycle of retroviruses. During reverse transcription of the viral genomic RNA, an RNA/DNA hybrid is created whose RNA strand needs to be hydrolyzed by the RNase H to enable synthesis of the second DNA strand by the DNA polymerase function of the reverse transcriptase. Here, we report the solution structure of the separately purified RNase H domain from prototype foamy virus (PFV) revealing the so-called C-helix and the adjacent basic loop, which both were suggested to be important in substrate binding and activity. The solution structure of PFV RNase H shows that it contains a mixed five-stranded β-sheet, which is sandwiched by four α-helices (A-D), including the C-helix, on one side and one α-helix (helix E) on the opposite side. NMR titration experiments demonstrate that upon substrate addition signal changes can be detected predominantly in the basic loop as well as in the C-helix. All these regions are oriented towards the bound substrate. In addition, signal intensities corresponding to residues in the B-helix and the active site decrease, while only minor or no changes of the overall structure of the RNase H are detectable upon substrate binding. Dynamic studies confirm the monomeric state of the RNase H domain. Structure comparisons with HIV-1 RNase H, which lacks the basic protrusion, indicate that the basic loop is relevant for substrate interaction, while the C-helix appears to fulfill mainly structural functions, i.e. positioning the basic loop in the correct orientation for substrate binding. The structural data of PFV RNase H demonstrate the importance of the basic loop, which contains four positively charged lysines, in substrate binding and the function of the C-helix in positioning of the loop. In the dimeric full length HIV-1 RT, the function of the basic loop is carried out by a different loop, which also harbors basic residues, derived from the connection domain of the p66 subunit. Our results suggest that RNases H which are also active as separate domains might need a functional basic loop for proper substrate binding.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Universität Bayreuth, Lehrstuhl Biopolymere, Universitätsstr, 30, D-95447 Bayreuth, Germany.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RNase H165Human spumaretrovirusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RNase H
Find proteins for P14350 (Human spumaretrovirus)
Explore P14350 
Go to UniProtKB:  P14350
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP14350
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 120 
  • Conformers Submitted: 19 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-10-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-07-17
    Changes: Database references, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2023-06-14
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Other
  • Version 1.3: 2024-05-15
    Changes: Data collection, Database references