Structural basis for matrix metalloproteinase 1-catalyzed collagenolysis.Bertini, I., Fragai, M., Luchinat, C., Melikian, M., Toccafondi, M., Lauer, J.L., Fields, G.B.
(2012) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 134: 2100-2110
- PubMed: 22239621
- DOI: 10.1021/ja208338j
- PubMed Abstract:
The proteolysis of collagen triple-helical structure (collagenolysis) is a poorly understood yet critical physiological process. Presently, matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) and collagen triple-helical peptide models have been utilized to characteri ...
The proteolysis of collagen triple-helical structure (collagenolysis) is a poorly understood yet critical physiological process. Presently, matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) and collagen triple-helical peptide models have been utilized to characterize the events and calculate the energetics of collagenolysis via NMR spectroscopic analysis of 12 enzyme-substrate complexes. The triple-helix is bound initially by the MMP-1 hemopexin-like (HPX) domain via a four amino acid stretch (analogous to type I collagen residues 782-785). The triple-helix is then presented to the MMP-1 catalytic (CAT) domain in a distinct orientation. The HPX and CAT domains are rotated with respect to one another compared with the X-ray "closed" conformation of MMP-1. Back-rotation of the CAT and HPX domains to the X-ray closed conformation releases one chain out of the triple-helix, and this chain is properly positioned in the CAT domain active site for subsequent hydrolysis. The aforementioned steps provide a detailed, experimentally derived, and energetically favorable collagenolytic mechanism, as well as significant insight into the roles of distinct domains in extracellular protease function.
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