Structure of amyloid precursor protein's transmembrane domain

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Structural and dynamic study of the transmembrane domain of the amyloid precursor protein.

Nadezhdin, K.D.Bocharova, O.V.Bocharov, E.V.Arseniev, A.S.

(2011) Acta Naturae 3: 69-76

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Alzheimer's disease affects people all over the world, regardless of nationality, gender or social status. An adequate study of the disease requires essential understanding of the molecular fundamentals of the pathogenesis. The amyloid β-peptide, which forms amyloid plaques in the brain of people with Alzheimer's disease, is the product of sequential cleavage of a single-span membrane amyloid precursor protein (APP). More than half of the APP mutations found to be associated with familial forms of Alzheimer's disease are located in its transmembrane domain. The pathogenic mutations presumably affect the structural-dynamic properties of the APP transmembrane domain by changing its conformational stability and/or lateral dimerization. In the present study, the structure and dynamics of the recombinant peptide corresponding to the APP fragment, Gln686-Lys726, which comprises the APP transmembrane domain with an adjacent N-terminal juxtamembrane sequence, were determined in the membrane mimetic environment composed of detergent micelles using NMR spectroscopy. The structure obtained in dodecylphosphocholine micelles consists of two α-helices: a short surface-associated juxtamembrane helix (Lys687-Asp694) and a long transmembrane helix (Gly700-Leu723), both connected via a mobile loop region. A minor bend of the transmembrane α-helix is observed near the paired residues Gly708-Gly709. A cholesterol-binding hydrophobic cavity is apparently formed under the loop region, where the juxtamembrane α-helix comes into contact with the membrane surface near the N-terminus of the transmembrane α-helix.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Shemyakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Amyloid beta A4 protein43Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APPA4AD1
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P05067 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P05067 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05067
PHAROS:  P05067
GTEx:  ENSG00000142192 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP05067
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the least restraint violations 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-06-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2023-06-14
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Other
  • Version 1.2: 2024-05-15
    Changes: Data collection, Database references