The IsdC Protein from Staphylococcus aureus Uses a Flexible Binding Pocket to Capture Heme.Villareal, V.A., Pilpa, R.M., Robson, S.A., Fadeev, E.A., Clubb, R.T.
(2008) J.Biol.Chem. 283: 31591-31600
- PubMed: 18715872
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M801126200
- PubMed Abstract:
Staphylococcus aureus scavenges heme-iron from host hemoproteins using iron-regulated surface determinant (Isd) proteins. IsdC is the central conduit through which heme is passed across the cell wall and binds this molecule using a NEAr Transporter ( ...
Staphylococcus aureus scavenges heme-iron from host hemoproteins using iron-regulated surface determinant (Isd) proteins. IsdC is the central conduit through which heme is passed across the cell wall and binds this molecule using a NEAr Transporter (NEAT) domain. NMR spectroscopy was used to determine the structure of IsdC in complex with a heme analog, zinc-substituted protoporphyrin IX (ZnPPIX). The backbone coordinates of the ensemble of conformers representing the structure exhibit a root mean square deviation to the mean structure of 0.53 +/- 0.11 angstroms. IsdC partially buries protoporphyrin within a large hydrophobic pocket that is located at the end of its beta-barrel structure. The central metal ion of the analog adopts a pentacoordinate geometry in which a highly conserved tyrosine residue serves as a proximal ligand. Consistent with the structure and its role in heme transfer across the cell wall, we show that IsdC weakly binds heme (K(D) = 0.34 +/- 0.12 microm) and that ZnPPIX rapidly dissociates from the protein at a rate of 126 +/- 30 s(-1). NMR studies of the apo-form of IsdC reveal that a 3(10) helix within the binding pocket undergoes a flexible to rigid transition as heme is captured. This structural plasticity may increase the efficiency of heme transfer across the cell wall by facilitating protein-protein interactions between apoIsdC and upstream hemoproteins.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.