2JYG

Solution Structure of the W184A/M185A Mutant of the Carboxy-terminal Dimerization Domain of the HIV-1 Capsid Protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 500 
  • Conformers Submitted: 30 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

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Literature

Solution Structure of a Double Mutant of the Carboxy-Terminal Dimerization Domain of the HIV-1 Capsid Protein.

Wong, H.C.Shin, R.Krishna, N.R.

(2008) Biochemistry 47: 2289-2297

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi7022128
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • As in other retroviruses, the HIV-1 capsid (CA) protein is composed of two domains, the N-terminal domain (NTD) and the C-terminal domain (CTD), joined by a flexible linker. The dimerization of the CTD is thought to be a critical step in the assembly ...

    As in other retroviruses, the HIV-1 capsid (CA) protein is composed of two domains, the N-terminal domain (NTD) and the C-terminal domain (CTD), joined by a flexible linker. The dimerization of the CTD is thought to be a critical step in the assembly of the immature and mature viral capsids. The precise nature of the functional form of CTD dimerization interface has been a subject of considerable interest. Previously, the CTD dimer was thought to involve a face-to-face dimerization observed in the early crystallographic studies. Recently, the crystallographic structure for a domain-swapped CTD dimer has been determined. This dimer, with an entirely different interface that includes the major homology region (MHR) has been suggested as the functional form during the Gag assembly. The structure determination of the monomeric wt CTD of HIV-1 has not been possible because of the monomer-dimer equilibrium in solution. We report the NMR structure of the [W184A/M185A]-CTD mutant in its monomeric form. These mutations interfere with dimerization without abrogating the assembly activity of Gag and CA. The NMR structure shows some important differences compared to the CTD structure in the face-to-face dimer. Notably, the helix-2 is much shorter, and the kink seen in the crystal structure of the wt CTD in the face-to-face dimer is absent. These NMR studies suggest that dimerization-induced conformational changes may be present in the two crystal structures of the CTD dimers and also suggest a mechanism that can simultaneously accommodate both of the distinctly different dimer models playing functional roles during the Gag assembly of the immature capsids.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-2041, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Capsid protein p24 (CA)
A
84Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate NY5)Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: gag-pol
Find proteins for P12497 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate NY5))
Go to UniProtKB:  P12497
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 500 
  • Conformers Submitted: 30 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 
  • Olderado: 2JYG Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-02-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance