2JST

Four-Alpha-Helix Bundle with Designed Anesthetic Binding Pockets II: Halothane Effects on Structure and Dynamics


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Four-alpha-helix bundle with designed anesthetic binding pockets. Part II: halothane effects on structure and dynamics

Cui, T.Bondarenko, V.Ma, D.Canlas, C.Brandon, N.R.Johansson, J.S.Xu, Y.Tang, P.

(2008) Biophys.J. 94: 4464-4472

  • DOI: 10.1529/biophysj.107.117853

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • As a model of the protein targets for volatile anesthetics, the dimeric four-alpha-helix bundle, (Aalpha(2)-L1M/L38M)(2), was designed to contain a long hydrophobic core, enclosed by four amphipathic alpha-helices, for specific anesthetic binding. Th ...

    As a model of the protein targets for volatile anesthetics, the dimeric four-alpha-helix bundle, (Aalpha(2)-L1M/L38M)(2), was designed to contain a long hydrophobic core, enclosed by four amphipathic alpha-helices, for specific anesthetic binding. The structural and dynamical analyses of (Aalpha(2)-L1M/L38M)(2) in the absence of anesthetics (another study) showed a highly dynamic antiparallel dimer with an asymmetric arrangement of the four helices and a lateral accessing pathway from the aqueous phase to the hydrophobic core. In this study, we determined the high-resolution NMR structure of (Aalpha(2)-L1M/L38M)(2) in the presence of halothane, a clinically used volatile anesthetic. The high-solution NMR structure, with a backbone root mean-square deviation of 1.72 A (2JST), and the NMR binding measurements revealed that the primary halothane binding site is located between two side-chains of W15 from each monomer, different from the initially designed anesthetic binding sites. Hydrophobic interactions with residues A44 and L18 also contribute to stabilizing the bound halothane. Whereas halothane produces minor changes in the monomer structure, the quaternary arrangement of the dimer is shifted by about half a helical turn and twists relative to each other, which leads to the closure of the lateral access pathway to the hydrophobic core. Quantitative dynamics analyses, including Modelfree analysis of the relaxation data and the Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill transverse relaxation dispersion measurements, suggest that the most profound anesthetic effect is the suppression of the conformational exchange both near and remote from the binding site. Our results revealed a novel mechanism of an induced fit between anesthetic molecule and its protein target, with the direct consequence of protein dynamics changing on a global rather than a local scale. This mechanism may be universal to anesthetic action on neuronal proteins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Anesthesiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Four-Alpha-Helix Bundle
A, B
62N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HLT
Query on HLT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2-BROMO-2-CHLORO-1,1,1-TRIFLUOROETHANE
C2 H Br Cl F3
BCQZXOMGPXTTIC-SFOWXEAESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
HLTKd: 2600000 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: target function 
  • Olderado: 2JST Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-05-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance