Chemical Component Summary

Name2-BROMO-2-CHLORO-1,1,1-TRIFLUOROETHANE
Identifiers(2R)-2-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoro-ethane
FormulaC2 H Br Cl F3
Molecular Weight197.38
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESFC(F)(F)[C@H](Cl)Br
InChIInChI=1S/C2HBrClF3/c3-1(4)2(5,6)7/h1H/t1-/m0/s1
InChIKeyBCQZXOMGPXTTIC-SFOWXEAESA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count8
Chiral Atom Count1
Chiral AtomsC1
Bond Count7
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01159 Different stereochemistry
NameHalothane
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
DescriptionA nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. nitrous oxide is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)
Synonyms
  • 1-Bromo-1-chloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane
  • 1,1,1-Trifluoro-2-bromo-2-chloroethane
  • 1,1,1-Trifluoro-2-chloro-2-bromoethane
  • 2-Bromo-2-Chloro-1,1,1-Trifluoroethane
  • 2,2,2-Trifluoro-1-chloro-1-bromoethane
Brand Names
  • Fluothane Anesthetic
  • Fluothane Liq Inh 1000mg/gm
  • Halothane
  • Halothane Liq 99.9%
  • Fluothane
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia
PharmacologyHalothane is a general inhalation anesthetic used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. It reduces the blood pressure and frequently decreases the pulse rate and depresses respiration. It induces muscle relaxation and reduces pains sensitivity by altering tissue excitability. It does so by decreasing the extent of gap junction mediated cell-cell coupling and altering the activity of the channels that underlie the action potential.
Mechanism of actionHalothane causes general anaethesia due to its actions on multiple ion channels, which ultimately depresses nerve conduction, breathing, cardiac contractility. Its immobilizing effects have been attributed to its binding to potassium channels in cholinergic neurons. Halothane's effect are also likely due to binding to NMDA and calcium channels, causing hyperpolarization.
Route of administrationRespiratory (inhalation)
Categories
  • Anesthetics
  • Anesthetics, General
  • Anesthetics, Inhalation
  • Central Nervous System Agents
  • Central Nervous System Depressants
ATC-CodeN01AB01
AHFS-Code28:04.00
CAS number151-67-7

Drug Targets

NameSequence SearchPharmacological ActionActions
Neuropeptide S receptorMPANFTEGSFDSSGTGQTLDSSPVACTETVTFTEVVEGKEWGSFYYSFKT...unknownother/unknown
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) subunit gamma-2MASNNTASIAQARKLVEQLKMEANIDRIKVSKAAADLMAYCEAHAKEDPL...unknownother/unknown
Calcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1MKVARFQKIPNGENETMIPVLTSKKASELPVSEVASILQADLQNGLNKCE...unknownother/unknown
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetaMGIRGMLRAAVILLLIRTWLAEGNYPSPIPKFHFEFSSAVPEVVLNLFNC...yespositive allosteric modulator
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetaMGIRGMLRAAVILLLIRTWLAEGNYPSPIPKFHFEFSSAVPEVVLNLFNC...yespositive allosteric modulator
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682