2IP2

Structure of the Pyocyanin Biosynthetic Protein PhzM


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and functional analysis of the pyocyanin biosynthetic protein PhzM from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Parsons, J.F.Greenhagen, B.T.Shi, K.Calabrese, K.Robinson, H.Ladner, J.E.

(2007) Biochemistry 46: 1821-1828

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi6024403
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Pyocyanin is a biologically active phenazine produced by the human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is thought to endow P. aeruginosa with a competitive growth advantage in colonized tissue and is also thought to be a virulence factor in diseases ...

    Pyocyanin is a biologically active phenazine produced by the human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is thought to endow P. aeruginosa with a competitive growth advantage in colonized tissue and is also thought to be a virulence factor in diseases such as cystic fibrosis and AIDS where patients are commonly infected by pathogenic Pseudomonads due to their immunocompromised state. Pyocyanin is also a chemically interesting compound due to its unusual oxidation-reduction activity. Phenazine-1-carboxylic acid, the precursor to the bioactive phenazines, is synthesized from chorismic acid by enzymes encoded in a seven-gene cistron in P. aeruginosa and in other Pseudomonads. Phenzine-1-carboxylic acid is believed to be converted to pyocyanin by the sequential actions of the putative S-adenosylmethionine-dependent N-methyltransferase PhzM and the putative flavin-dependent hydroxylase PhzS. Here we report the 1.8 A crystal structure of PhzM determined by single anomalous dispersion. Unlike many methyltransferases, PhzM is a dimer in solution. The 36 kDa PhzM polypeptide folds into three domains. The C-terminal domain exhibits the alpha/beta-hydrolase fold typical of small molecule methyltransferases. Two smaller N-terminal domains form much of the dimer interface. Structural alignments with known methyltransferases show that PhzM is most similar to the plant O-methyltransferases that are characterized by an unusual intertwined dimer interface. The structure of PhzM contains no ligands, and the active site is open and solvent-exposed when compared to structures of similar enzymes. In vitro experiments using purified PhzM alone demonstrate that it has little or no ability to methylate phenzine-1-carboxylic acid. However, when the putative hydroxylase PhzS is included, pyocyanin is readily produced. This observation suggests that a mechanism has evolved in P. aeruginosa that ensures efficient production of pyocyanin via the prevention of the formation and release of an unstable and potentially deleterious intermediate.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA. parsonsj@umbi.umd.edu



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Probable phenazine-specific methyltransferaseA, B334Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: phzMPA4209
EC: 2.1.1 (PDB Primary Data), 2.1.1.327 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q9HWH2 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa (strain ATCC 15692 / DSM 22644 / CIP 104116 / JCM 14847 / LMG 12228 / 1C / PRS 101 / PAO1))
Explore Q9HWH2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9HWH2
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.97α = 97.47
b = 62.41β = 105.37
c = 68.75γ = 108.09
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
CrystalCleardata collection
d*TREKdata reduction
d*TREKdata scaling
RESOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-10-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-11
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance